Which is not true about Augustine’s argument for God’s existence? a. b. c. d. e. 
 a. God is the highest reality we can think of. b. The knowledge of God is something in which all rational minds can share

Answer any 20 of the questions in Part 1. If you choose this option simply do not enter an answer for the ten questions you choose not to answer. It is up to you to decide which questions you will answer and not answer. If you choose this option and answer more than 20 objective questions only the first 20 that you answer will be counted.
QUESTION 1
Augustine believed that all existing things are good, and from this he concluded that

a. a. God is not the source of good in the world
b. b. evil must be a kind of non-existence
c. c. human beings can be the source of their own good
d. d. matter is the cause of evil
e. e. angels are absolutely perfect

QUESTION 2
Augustine believed that animals and human beings have an equal degree of resemblance to God.
a. True
b. False

QUESTION 3
Which statement would Augustine agree with?

a. a. Crimes and wars are caused by pride.
b. b. As a result of Original Sin human nature has become entirely evil.
c. c. The soul is better off without the body.
d. d. An evil will loves what is evil in itself.
e. e. God’s will can sometimes be an evil will.

QUESTION 4
Which is not true about Augustine’s argument for God’s existence?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

a. God is the highest reality we can think of.
b. The knowledge of God is something in which all rational minds can share
c. Human beings are not significantly different from animals.
d. The fact that 2+2=4 is enough to indicate that the human mind is not the highest reality
e. Only beings with reason can understand mathematics.
QUESTION 5
Augustine believed that human happiness is in

a. a. exercising our free will to make whatever choices we prefer
b. b. loving ourselves first
c. c. the greatest possible participation in God
d. d. having the greatest amount of earthly goods
e. e. existing forever in the material world

QUESTION 6
Augustine would most likely say that Epicurus’s philosophy advises us to live according to the evil will.
a. True
b. False

QUESTION 7
Which statement is not true about God according to Augustine?

a. a. God had no beginning and no cause.
b. b. God is the only source of true human happiness.
c. c. God is not free and therefore He produced the world by a necessary process.
d. d. God can best be understood as He Who Is.
e. e. We can partially know God’s goodness through the goodness of the things in the world.

QUESTION 8
Aquinas thought that God’s mercy is exactly the same as human mercy.
True
False
2 points

QUESTION 9
For Aquinas, to say that “God is Pure Act” means that

a. it is a fact that God actually exists, although He might have not existed
b. God has infinite potentialities
c. God is pure unchanging existence with no potentialities
d. it is very easy for us to understand exactly what God is
e God must have had a cause

QUESTION 10
Someone who accepts Aquinas’s Teleological Argument could also believe that
a. a. the universe could have originated and evolved by accident
b. b. matter can organize itself by determinist laws
c. c. evolution could be directed by God
d. d. only matter exists
e. e. we do not get any knowledge from our senses

2 points

QUESTION 11
Which is not a consequence of Original Sin according to Augustine?
a. a. the reduction of free will to the evil will
b. b. a lower degree of goodness for the entire human race
c. c. the loss of true happiness
d. d. death, sickness, ignorance, and poverty
e. e. the elimination of the need for God

2 points

QUESTION 12

Aquinas’s proof for immortality based on our natural desire for immortality agrees with his belief that everything in the created world has teleology.

a. True 
b. False

2 points

QUESTION 13
Aquinas believed that in some cases it is possible for matter to exist without form.
a. True 
b. False
QUESTION 14
Augustine believed that God is always able to bring good out of evil.

a. True 
b. False

QUESTION 15
When Aquinas said that God is esse he meant all of the following except
a. a. God is absolutely simple, so He has no potency
b. b. God is a Necessary Being Who exists by His own nature
c. c. because God can do everything He is pure Potency
d. d. God is the Perfect Being
e. e. only God does not participate in Being

QUESTION 16
Aquinas believed that God made the world out of matter created from nothing and the forms or exemplars that exist in His mind.

a. True 
b. False
QUESTION 17
Aquinas disagreed with Epicurus’s belief that human beings can give up the desire for immortality.
a.
True 
b. False
QUESTION 18
Aquinas would classify angels as possible or contingent beings.

a. True 
b. False
QUESTION 19
Aquinas believed that Socrates’ personal identity was in his soul and had nothing to do with his body.

a. True 
b. False
QUESTION 20
Anselm’s Ontological Argument uses sense experience to prove God’s existence.

a. True 
b. False
QUESTION 21
Augustine agreed with Plato that the soul can inwardly detach itself from the body if it thinks about perfect and unchanging realities.

a. True 
b. False
2 points
QUESTION 22
Aquinas believed that a higher angel has more potency and less act than a lower angel.

a. 
True 
b. False
2 points
QUESTION 23
Augustine believed that the eruption of Mount Vesuvius that destroyed Pompeii in 79 A.D. was a punishment for Original Sin.

a.
True 
b. False
2 points
QUESTION 24
Aquinas would agree that God could have created the angels and human beings without intellect and free will.

a. True 
b. False
2 points

QUESTION 25
Augustine and Aquinas would agree that even if God did not exist the world would still be good.

a.
True b.
False
2 points

QUESTION 26
Augustine believed that non-existence is better than a life that is full of suffering.

a. True 
b. False
2 points
QUESTION 27
According to the Classical Empiricist theory of knowledge (the theory of Aristotle and Aquinas)
a. a. our souls come into the world already containing knowledge of perfection
b. b. we can know that only matter exists
c. c. the existence of God is self-evident to us
d. d. we gain knowledge of the forms by using our senses
e. e. we cannot know anything at all except our own sensations.

2 points
QUESTION 28
Augustine believed that when it is used with reference to God “eternity” means endless change in endless time.

a. True 
b. False
2 points
QUESTION 29
Augustine believed that
a. a. the sense of sight is inferior to the sense of touch
b. b. human beings would have been better off without free will
c. c. the soul has the power to make itself happy through its own powers
d. d. the soul does not belong with the body
e. e. faith must precede understanding of Truth

2 points

QUESTION 30
Anselm believed that it is possible for someone who truly understands the meaning of the idea “God” to be an atheist.
a. True 
b. False

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