US History M4
John Marshall: He was born on 1975 in Virginia and he was the Chief Justice in U.S for thirty four years, from 1801.He studied at William and Mary College.
John Marshall’s legal decisions were enacted through the various landmark cases that he presided over. Among other cases, the specific two are:
Gibbons vs. Ogden: This case (ruled over in 1824) involved Ogden Aaron and Gibbons Thomas. The latter had been taken to court by Ogden under claims that he offered a competition on steamboat business that plied between New Jersey and New York. Initially, Gibbons was ruled against and he appealed stated in precise terms and largely that the Congress bore the right to regulate trade. The Supreme Court changed the ruling under the basis that the law practiced in New York wasn’t constitutional. The case ruling made John Marshall put in precise terms the civil commerce liberties and that the state is not obliged to give discriminative permits for its coastal navigation (Marshall John, 2000)
McCulloch Vs. Maryland: Maryland had taken James McCulloch for tax evasion on the United States Bank. This case was ruled over in 1819 that sustained the right of Congress to form a United States Bank and John Marshall came to a verdict that even though it had the authority, it was not specified in the Constitution .The rule suggested and settled on the congressional rights, restated superiority of the constitution, barred the federal taxation, that the authority to conduct taxations is the authority to devastate and that the authority of the constitution is enacted by people , not individual countries or states.
Impact on America
The state was given the right of being entitled to bring advocates on the bench. The legal decisions also gave equal rights to both the congress and the federal governments. Marshall voiced that the judges should be great because he catered for and founded a lot of fresh constitutional principles. Another great lesson that was proffered to the world was being on the moral side and this is exhibited in the way he based his verdicts with the precision of the generations that came after his life. Many infamous phrases such as “domestic dependent nations” were coined by him
Marshall John, P. (2000). The constitutional decisions of John Marshall. New Jersery: Thew Lawbook Excchange Ltd.