The capital is made up of three parts: the circular grooves at the bottom (the necking); the bulging cushionlike molding (the echinus); and the square block (the abacus). Why the division of the capital into these three parts? Explain

Please give me answers in a few sentences of each question. I do not have enough to pay for more pages.

Chapter Six Assignment

Instructions

Directions:

1.In studying the schematic drawing for the Doric order (Figure 6-6), the order followed in the Parthenon, and Figure 6-5, what is the visual effect of the narrow vertical grooves or flutes carved into the marble columns of the Parthenon?

2. The colums bulge or sell slightly, a characteristic called entasis. Can you perceive the bulge in the photograph of the Parthenon?.

3. Why are the columns wider at the base than at the top? Explain your answer in detail.

4. Why is there a capital between the top of the shaft and the architrave (the lintels that span the voids from column to column and compose the lowest member of the entablature)?

5. The capital is made up of three parts: the circular grooves at the bottom (the necking); the bulging cushionlike molding (the echinus); and the square block (the abacus). Why the division of the capital into these three parts? Explain your answer in detail.

6. The columns at the corners are a couple of inches thicker than the other columns. Why? Explain your answer in detail.

7. The corner and adjacent columns are slightly closer together than the other columns. Is the difference perceptible in the photograph? all the columns except those in the center of each side slant slightly inward. Why?

8. Subtle refinements such as those mentioned above abound throughout the Parthenon. Few if any of them are necessary from a technical standpoint, nor were these refinements accidental. They are found repeatedly in other Greek temples of the time. Presumably, then they are a result of a need to make the form of the temple mean something, to have it be a form-content. Presumably, as well, the Parthenon can still reveal something of the values of the ancient Greeks. What? Compare those values with the values revealed by Chartres. For example, which building seems to reveal a society that places more trust in God? What kind of God? In what way are the subtle refinements of the Parthenon relevant to these questions. Explain your complete answer in detail.

9. In studying Figures 6-7, and 3-4, Le Corbusier’s Nortre dame-du Haut, what is the basic function of each these buildings? Explain your answer in detail.

10. How do you know what the functions are? How have the respective forms revealed the functions of their buildings? does it seem appropriate to use the term “reveal” for figures 6-7 and 3-4? Why or why not? It could be argued that both works are architecture because the form of the building in Figure 3-4 is revelatory of the subject matter – of the tension, anguish, striving, and ultimate concern of religious faith; whereas in Figure 6-7 the form of the building is revelatory of the stripped down, uniform efficiency of an American business corporation. Consider every possible relevant argument against this view, and explain your response in detail.

11. If the interior of Chartres Cathedral (Figure 6-3) were remodeled into a vast dental clinic, would people feel dissatisfied with the relationship between the new interior and the old exterior? Why, or why not? Explain your answer in detail.

12. In viewing the Guggenheim Museum, Figure 6-8, and Figure 6-9, does the exterior of this building harmonize with the interior?

13. Does the form reveal the building as an art museum? Why or why not? Explain your answer in detail.

14. Elevators take visitors to the top of the building, and then visitors can participate with the exhibited works of art by walking down the spiraling ramp. This enables visitors to see each work from many perspectives. Does this seem to be an interesting, efficient, and comfortable way of exhibiting works of art? Why or why not? Expalin your answer in detail.

15. The front of the Guggenheim faces Fifth Avenue. The surrounding buildings are tall rectangular solids evenly lined up along the sidewalks. Did Wright succeed in bringing his museum into a harmonious spatial relationship with these other buildings? Or was his purpose perhaps to make his museum stand out in sharp contrast, like a plant among inorganic shapes? If so, does the museum fit successfully into the spatial context – “the power and embrace of the positioned interrelationships of things”?

16. Originally, the Guggenheim was to have been situated in Central Park. Would a parks site have been better than its present site? Explain your answer in detail.

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