There are various terrorist groups which has identified as operating within its neighborhood. In the 1990s they were attacked by terrorists who were believed to be Muslim extremists (Uighur People) in northwestern Xinjiang region (Kan, 2008). These were the main terrorists organization which China was trying its level best to fight without even caring about their human rights. According to the report of January 2002, China argued that other attack groups involved East Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM) and other Turkish terrorist groups. China claimed that these two groups were involved in the 1990s attacks (Kan, 2008). Tibetans and Falungong were also other terrorist groups which were found in the boarder of China. There is also another group called Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) was also another group which is mentioned to have had a meeting with Osama bin Laden who agreed to give them funds to perform terrorist attacks. In 2002 the leader of ETIM changed the name to East Turkistan Islamic Party (ETIP) and claimed that it had no links with Al Qaeda (Kan, 2008). The list issued in December 2003 consisted of the following groups; ETIM, East Turkistan Liberation Organization (ETLO), World Uyghur, Youth Congress, East Turkistan Information Centre and eleven Uighurs.
There was controversy of China towards U.S in the fight of terrorism. At one time China accused United States of being involved in double standards concerning the execution of counterterrorism activities. This is because United States was concerned about the human rights of the terrorists. They wanted the counterterrorist attacks to be done carefully to ensure that innocent people are not hurt thinking that they are terrorists (Kan, 2008). This made China start doubting United States and thought that they were in support of the terrorists. There was also another controversy concerning ETIM. According to China ETIM group was part of the 1990s attacks but United States included ETIM in the terrorist exclusion list in 2004. This was based on the argument that ETIM did not meet the definition of a terrorist (Kan, 2008). This was controversial to China as it brought conflict of ideas and China thought that United States was working in favor of ETIM. The basic controversy was that United States minded about the human rights of the terrorists which China confused with fighting for them.
The United States has identified some human rights issues of concern in dealing with the terrorists. The congress was concerned about the human rights of the Uighurs. They emphasized that it was important to be careful when executing counterterrorism attacks not to harm innocent people thinking that they are terrorists. Some of the human rights concerns are retaining prisoners without any evidence that they committed any crime, use of false accusations, torture, and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment (Kan, 2008). There were other administrative laws which were of human right concern like Guantanamo Bay Prison, and military tribunals.
Terrorism attacks can pose a very great risk during preparations of Olympic Games. This did not spare China during the preparation of the Olympic Games in Beijing. Lack of security can compromise the reputation of a country. There was fear that terrorists may target China again especially due to the upcoming Olympic Games (Kan, 2008). The security had to be tight because President Bush was attending the Olympics. To have the stability of the Olympic Games, the PRC Minister of public security called for striking hard of hostile forces of ethnic separation, religious extremism and violent terrorism (Thompson, 2010). Just to be confident that the security is tight, other countries offered support to the security team of China. The security preparations became even tighter to ensure that no attacks can occur during the Olympics (Thompson, 2010).
Kan S. (2008). CRS Report for Congress. U.S-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S Policy. Retrieved on April 21, 2011 from http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/112474.pdf
Thompson D. (2010). Olympic Security Cooperation. Retrieved on April 21, 2011 from http://www.chinasecurity.us/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=83&Itemid=8