The Clifton Gorge is located between the Avon River and the Avon gorge. It was formed in 1864, following a post glacial canyon cutting the scenic waterfalls and rapids on the headwaters of the little Miami state and the national scenic river.
The Clifton Gorge itself is one of the most spectacular dolomite and limestone gorges in the state and was registered under the national natural landmark in 196, found in the plains of West Central Ohio..
It is an outstanding example of interglacial and post glacial canyon cutting with a river cutting through a deep and narrow channel which was apparently formed by the enlarging and connecting of a series of potholes in the resistant Silurian dolomite bedrock. In other sections of the gorge, cliff overhangs have broken off forming massive slump rocks scattered along the valley floor.
It contains a narrow 50 foot tall cliff face through which the little Miami River flows at speeds varying from tranquil to rapid.
Its trails are generally narrow and therefore when the rapids of the river Miami flows through it, it forms a narrow gorge. Its view is generally stunning and sporting is interesting from the view of the northern cliff of the historic bridge. However, though it’s that stiff, it is possible to hike through it.
As a result of the formation of this gorge, the drainage network changed during the late Winsconsianan glacial to interglacial transition on the mad river and the buck creek in the upper Great Miami River drainage basin. Formation also led to human impacts on platform channel geography and bank stratigraphy along reaches of stream tributary to Mad River a Miami Rivers respectively.
Formation also caused diurnal and intra seasonal controls on steam water chemistry of the base flow and steam flow of water quality stations on Buck Creek and one of its tributaries as some of the effects of formation of the gorge. These led to changes in the drainage network and the overall stream site and cross sectional scales .The drainage network changes are as a result of a series of relict landscape with an adverse effect on the climate. The development of rivers asnd gorges shows how important palimpsest are important in controlling the modern landscape, and in this case the bedrock topography on the rearrangement of the drainage network during and following deglaciation.Theae adverse effects are brought about by the processes of new landscape formation which include; statewide surface elevation, bedrock topography, glacial drift thickness and superficial geology on the natural resources.
The division of Geological Surveys and soils of the Natural Resources Conservations Service arranged a Geographical Information system model to show the effects of the formation of and effect of formation of the Clifton Gorge on the topography in relation to the natural topography.
Ritter.D. (1995). Process Geomorphology. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.