Answers should be as specific and detailed as possible identifying who, what, when and significance but not longer.
1. What is the Hegelian Dialectic? What does it explain and how does it lead to a belief in progress?
2. Where do modern historians think Native Americans originally came from and how? What evidence do modern historians have for their beliefs?
3. What are the similarities of how Cortez conquered the Aztec and Pizarro conquered the Inca? What advantages did Pizarro have that Cortez didn’t?
4. Why did Columbus believe sailing to the west to Asia was possible when others thought it wasn’t? What did most educated navigators believe about the western route? What happened in Spain that allowed the Spanish to support Columbus’ expedition?
5. Why, according to Jared Diamond in Guns, Germs, and Steel, were the Europeans so much more advanced than the Native Americans?
6. The journals from the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1539, in what is now the southeast United States, reported seeing thousands of Indians. When La Salle visited the same area in 1682 he reported seeing few people. Discuss the explanation offered in class and on the DVD Guns, Germs, and Steel about what happened between de Soto’s and La Salle’s expeditions.
7. Discuss the establishment of Virginia and what Humphrey Gilbert, Sir Walter Raleigh and Queen Elizabeth had to do with it?
8. Discuss the settlement of Jamestown? What did the first settlers hope to find? What finally made Jamestown successful and who was responsible?
9. Discuss the conflicts between the Spanish and the Acoma Pueblo Indians in New Mexico. What was the impact on the rest of the Pueblo Indians?
10. What was Native American society like in the region where Jamestown was located when the English arrived.
11. Indentured servitude was the preferred form for Jamestown’s labor force. Describe indentured servitude, especially the terms of service and treatment of indentured servants. Why was it preferable to chattel slavery in the early years of Jamestown? Why did it eventually give way to other forms of labor.
1. Describe the development of slavery in the English colonies. How did it first appear? Why wasn’t it an instant success? How did the English initially deal with it and why? How did slavery change from that initial position? Who were John Punch and Elizabeth Key? What was the Royal Africa Company? What caused it to go from about 1,600 slaves in 1650 to over a million by 1800?
2. What were the Navigation Acts and what effect did they have on the American colonies? What did the colonies do in response to the Acts? Be as specific as you can.
3. Discuss the economic system known as Mercantilism and what role colonies play in the system.
4. What was Bacon’s Rebellion and what effect did it have on race relations in the English colonies? What were the conditions in Virginia that contributed to the rebellion?
5. Discuss the founding of Plymouth Colony? Who were its founders? What were they seeking? What was the Mayflower Compact? Who was its early successful governor? Were the founders prepared for their first year? Was the colony successful? What was the significance of the colony to the future of further settlement of New England?
6. Discuss the evolution of the Massachusetts Bay Company into the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Who were its founders? What were they seeking? Who was its first governor? What was the nature of its economy? How did it treat dissenters? Who were some of the early dissenters and what did they seek? What was unique about its government that caused some historians to refer to it as the “Puritan Republic?”
7. What was the Dutch contribution to slavery in the Americas? Consider the Dutch use of slavery in Brazil and the New Netherlands. How does Barbados play a part in slavery in North America? How is slavery in New Amsterdam different than slavery under the English?
8. What was unique about the founding of Maryland? What kind of colony was it? Who established it? What groundbreaking law did it establish?
9. Discuss the French and Indian War (the Seven Years War). How did it start? Who was involved? How did the British choose to fight it? How was it funded? What was its significance?
1. What are the Intolerable Acts? Who was behind them and what did they lead to?
2. What was the significance of the Battles of Trenton, Saratoga and Yorktown? Where did they take place? When? Give a little background about each one.
3. What were the Articles of Confederation? What powers did it give Congress? What were its weaknesses? What did its failures lead to?
4. Contrast Alexander Hamilton’s vision of the country with that of Thomas Jefferson.
5. Discuss the causes behind the War of 1812. 1) How did the Napoleonic Wars play a part? 2) What was the conflict on the high seas between theUnited States, Britain and France? What did the Untied States do in response? 3) How was conflict with the Native Americans and the westernUnited States involved? 4) Which American presidents were involved before and during the war?
6. Discuss the Great Awakening. In your answer you should at least include: 1) how did it come to the colonies? 2) who brought it to the colonies? 3) how was it different than the churches in the colonies? 4) what did it lead too?
7. What was the Second Great Awakening? How is it related to the women’s suffrage movement, abolitionism and Manifest destiny? In your answer describe a bit about the women’s suffrage movement, abolitionism and Manifest Destiny.
7. Discuss the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Bill. What was it? What were its origins? What did it lead to? What was Bleeding Kansas?
8. What were the economic and cultural reasons behind the Civil War? Give at least four (4) historical examples. Be specific as possible.
9. With an increase in territory, tensions in the United States over slavery increased. This forced a series of compromises. Discuss the MissouriCompromise and the Compromise of 1850. What territories and states were affected by each compromise? What were the provisions of each compromise?
10. Discuss the theories of John Locke regarding the responsibilities and rights of both governments and citizens. What important philosophic movement did Locke’s theories help form?