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Explain the following terms as used by Bolick: 1—Gender crisis (6) 2—Dating gap (8)

Kate Bolick, “All the Single Ladies”

Explain the following terms as used by Bolick:

1—Gender crisis (6)

2—Dating gap (8)

3—Marriage gap for black women (9)

4—Hookup culture (10)

5—Pareto principle (80/20 rule)

6—The “soft harem” (12)

7—“singlism” (15)

8—Hunter-gatherer societies’ focus on groups of men and women vs. agriculturally-based societies’ emphasis on the couple (15).

9—Mosuo people of southwest China—midnight trysts for autonomous people: how does this fit in to Bolick’s overall thesis? (17)

10—Bolick’s apparent happiness now with other single women: how does this fit in to her overall thesis? (19)

11—The Begijnhof in Amstersdam: 106 apartments for single people (19-20)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, “The Declaration of Sentiments”

1—1st paragraph: explain why Stanton deviates from Jefferson’s language (“people” vs. “portion of the family of man”)?

2—2nd paragraph: how does Stanton change Jefferson’s “unalienable rights?”

3—2nd paragraph: Jefferson says, “…it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it.” What language does Stanton substitute? What is the difference between Jefferson’s and Stanton’s visions of revolution?

4—3rd paragraph: Both Jefferson and Stanton draw out a long list of grievances against a male figure. Jefferson writes: “He has…. He has… He has….” Stanton writes the same. To whom is Jefferson referring? To whom is Stanton referring?

5—Go back to 2nd paragraph: Both Jefferson and Stanton complain of “a long train of abuses.” How long have the abuses of which Jefferson complains been going on? Find specific language to support your answer. How long have the abuses of which Stanton complains been going on? Find specific language to support your answer?

6—In what sense is the injustice of which Stanton complains more harmful than the injustice of which Jefferson complains? Try to refer to language in the 2 texts. Part of your answer to this question should refer to your answer to Question #5.

7—In what sense is the remedy that Stanton proposes more gentle than the remedy that Jefferson proposes? Your answer to this question should refer to your answer to Question #3.

8—Jefferson and Stanton each were mouthpieces for a revolution. In the short-term, whose revolution seemed greater? In the long term, whose revolution has been more profound? You cannot find the answer to this question in the text of either declaration. You must consult your own general knowledge.

RICKS, FIASCO, as reviewed by Michiko Kakutani in N.Y. Times (notice verb tenses)

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2 (Ricks) reminds us that when it came to the threat posed by Mr. Hussein, the (Bush) administration consistently emphasized “‘worst-case scenarios’” even as it was ‘best-casing’ the subsequent cost and difficulty of occupying the country.” Paraphrase and explain.
3 Army Chief of Staff Eric Shinseki estimated that 200,000 to 300,000 troops would be necessary, after Saddam was defeated, to prevent an insurgency in Iraq. What counter-argument did Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld give?
4 In late 2002, 70 national security experts and Mideast scholars advised the Bush administration that occupying Iraq would “be the most daunting and complex task the U.S. and the international community (would) have undertaken since the end of World War II.” In your own words, why do you think this was true?
4 L. Paul Bremer, appointed by Bush to be head of the American occupation, immediately disbanded the Iraqi army and fired every government official who had ever been a member of the Baath party. Explain, in your own words, how this contributed to the fiasco.

HERODOTUS, THE HISTORIES—Books 7-9, Second Persian Invasion of Greece
Book 7

Paragraph #

1-4 How does Xerxes come to power as king of Persia?
10 Why does Artabanus argue against attacking Greece? What prediction does he make?
35 How does Xerxes punish the Hellespont?
35 How does Xerxes punish Pythius?
47 Artabanus: 2 serious problems Xerxes faces. What are they?
55-99 detailed description of Xerxes’ invading army
99 Who is Artemisia?
104 Demaritus is asked by Xerxes: will the Greeks fight? His answer?
107 How does Boges, governor of Eion, show his loyalty?
109 How big is the lake at Pistyrus? What happens to the lake?
126 As Xerxes army marches from Thrace into Macedonia, what particular problem do their camels face?
132 Persians always demand earth and water? What does it mean?
139 Herodotus: all Greece doomed if the Athenians don’t fight Xerxes? Do you agree?
140 First oracle advising the Athenians what to do: what does it say?
142 Second oracle to the Athenians: what does it say?
143 What is Themistocles’ interpretation of the 2nd oracle?
152 According to Herodotus, the West’s first historian, what are and what are not the obligations of an historian?
184 Describe the size of Xerxes’ navy
194 Sandoces: what treatment by Darius? What treatment by the Greeks?
201-233 Thermopylae: what is the Persian advantage? The Greek advantage?
234 Xerxes questions Demaritus again. Demaritus’ advice?
Book 8

4 Greek heroism based on a series of bribes? Who is the chief briber?
67- Xerxes: should we meet the Greeks at sea? What does Artemisia say?
87- Artemesia @ Salamis. How does she escape the Greeks?
100 after the Persian defeat at Salamis, what does Mardonius propose to Xerxes?
102 Artemesia’s advice to Xerxes?
105-106 Tell the story of Hermotimus and Panionius.
111-112 Themistocles and the Aegean islanders? How does this story foreshadow the story that Thucidides will tell?
140-144 A new offer from Mardonius. How do the Athenians deal with it?
Book 9

2 Boetian advice to Mardonius?
5 Why do the Athenians stone Lycides? What do the Athenian women do?
14-15 Mardonius can’t make up his mind?
20– Plataea
26-27 Tegeans vs. Athenians as to who should have the most honored position in the battle line vs. Mardonius and his Persians
28-31 The Greek order of battle at Plataea
32 The Persian order of battle at Plataea
37 Why does Mardonius hesitate to attack? Story of Hegistratus, the diviner for Xerxes?
41 How long a delay before the battle begins? Advice of Artabazus to Xerxes?
71 Tegeans, Athenians, Lacedemonians: who did the most to win at Plataea?
71 Why does Aristodamus fight so bravely?
80 How do the Aeginetans get rich after the battle of Plataea?
82 According to Pausanius, why was Xerxes stupid to attack Greece?
84 3 mass graves dug by the Spartiates (Spartans). Describe.
86-88 Treatment by Pausanius of his Boeotian prisoners. Describe.
107-113 Tell the story of Masistes and his problems with Xerxes.
116-121 Tell the story of Artayctes
123 Can you relate Cyrus’s belief that “soft lands produce soft men” to Pausanius’ reaction (#82) to the Persian feast prepared after the battle of Plataea?
THUCIDIDES, ON JUSTICE, POWER, AND HUMAN NATURE : Brief overview with focus on the Melian Dialogue

Paragraph #

Book 2
86-88 How does Thucidides explain the Spartan decision (431 B.C.?) that Athens has broken the treaty?
140-146 How does Pericles persuade the Athenians that it’s time to go to war against Sparta and the Peloponnesian League?
Book 3
35-46 1 year into the war, Pericles makes a funeral oration. In your own words, how does this speech prefigure Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address?
47-54 In your own words, describe the plague that comes to Athens.
60-64 Despite all their suffering, Pericles still urges Athens to continue the war. In your own words, explain how, according to Pericles, the Athenians can and will win.
Book 4
68 The people of Plataea (the same city where the Greeks won their final major victory over Mardonius and the Persian Army that Xerxes had left to destroy all of Greece) have been besieged by the Spartans and have surrendered, on the condition that they may plead with the Spartans not to kill and/or enslave them. What one question do the Spartans ask them? When all the talking is over, what do the Spartans do to them?
Book 5
47.3-48 In every Greek city state (perhaps, excluding Sparta), we find a democratic faction and an oligarchic faction. In Corcyrea (Corfu), who does the democratic faction manage to exterminate their enemies, the oligarchic faction?
Book 6
84-116 The island of Melos (halfway between Athens and island of Crete) is an island whose inhabitants came originally from Sparta. They have tried to remain neutral in the Peloponnesian War, but in 416, the Athenians and their allies send 38 ships. We will act out the debate between the Melians and the Athenians in class. What reasons do the Athenians give the Melians to surrender to them? What reasons do the Melians give for not surrendering? What happens in the end?
Book 7
9-87 In desperation, because they are losing the war with Sparta, the Athenians send an expedition to conquer Sicily. Beyond the chance to capture grain and foodstuffs, it is unclear what the Athenians hope to accomplish. They are crushed.

Book 8 An oligarchy is briefly established in Athens. Then the oligarchy is overturned and democracy is briefly restored. In 404, The Athenians surrender to Sparta and its allies. Athens, Sparta, and all of Greece, go into a slow decline. In your own words, why do you think this happens?

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