RESEARCH QUESTIONS FOR FALL 2013
The current Environmental Protection Agency’s CAFE (Corporate Average Fuel Economy) rules require that the average fuel efficiency for automobiles and trucks should increase each year based on the size of the vehicle. Meeting these goals generally leads to design solutions favoring smaller engines and lighter weight vehicles. This creates a conflict between vehicle fuel efficiency and safety. Lighter cars may be more vulnerable in a collision with heavier cars. Mandated safety rules requiring front air bags, side impact resistance and optional side airbags help mitigate this problem.
The research questions below are associated with automotive fuel efficiency, safety or energy usage. You and two others will select one of the questions. You will each write your own paper based on the Information Literacy (L) criteria that we will discuss in class meeting 3. Then, the three of you will give a joint presentation on the question at the end of the course.
Read through the questions below and select your top 5. On class meeting 4, you will draw a number between 1 and 33 when you enter the door. I will start with number 1 and that person can select which question he or she wants to research. Then, number 2 will select and so on to number 33. The catch is that only three people can take one question. As soon as one question has three names, the question will be closed. If that was your top choice, then you will go to your second choice. Eventually, each question will have three people working on it. That will become the report presentation team.
7. Is methane gas an appropriate alternative fuel ?
INFORMATION LITERACY (L) RESEARCH AND ASSESSMENT PAPERS
Embedded in ES 1000
DEFINITION: Information Literacy is the ability to “recognize when information is needed and to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.” (American Library Association and University Studies Literacy Document)
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the information literacy component in ES 1000 are several: to learn how to pose a research question, conduct a search on literature that will assist you in answering your question, present a written evaluation of your sources’ validity or usefulness, and prepare a written report on your findings.
RESEARCH QUESTION REQUIREMENTS:
1. You will pass the library TIP quiz with a 70 or better.
2. You will select a research question from the list of questions provided in class. A research question asks for validation of an idea or why or how something works or behaves in a particular manner. The objective is a statement of what is to be examined or demonstrated. For example: a research question may ask, “What is the longest span that a bridge can be constructed?” Answering this requires an understanding of engineering principles, loads and materials. An objective may be that you will limit your research to suspension bridges as these have been the longest types of construction recorded. You may further refine your objective, such as, “I plan to examine the main cables in a suspension bridge as they are the critical load carrying elements.” A question such as “How long is the longest bridge?” is simple fact finding and not a valid research question. By the same token, a report on the construction of the Great Wall of China does not ask a probing question, but rather asks for historical information.
The research question and objective must be submitted to the ES instructor as indicated on the syllabus by the end of Week 2. The Instructor will assist in assuring that the research question and/or objective is not too broad, too complex, or so esoteric that references may be difficult to find.
Each student must prepare a research paper independently.
3. Your research paper will be based on four and only four sources: one each from a professional journal, a popular literature source, a web-based source and one additional from any of these sources. You must select three sources that best support your position and one source that refutes it. Everything in your paper must be referenced to these four sources. Pick them carefully.
4. You will prepare a written paper that answers your research question. The paper will be not less than three full pages long (not two and one half) nor longer than 5 pages and contain:
• A statement of the approved research question and objective.
• A discussion of your findings. This is the body of the paper and answers your research question within the limits set by your objectives.
• Proper identification and citation of sources and quotations used to support your discussion.
• Conclusions regarding the outcome of your research.
• A reference list cited in the same format as the primary technical journal used for your paper. This reference list must be in the paper and be properly cited in the text of your work.
5. Academic Integrity: It’s your responsibility to be familiar with UW’s policies concerning academic dishonesty, both its definitions and its negative consequences. Details can be found under UW Reg 6-802. For more information, go here:
RESEARCH ASSESSMENT PAPER
You will prepare a second report at least two full pages long that critically assesses the material you used to select references to prepare your research question report. This critique will contain:
• A summary table of the number of sources found, the number read and the number used for your paper (1 or 2). The table will have three categories, journal papers, popular press and internet sources. You must identify at least three references read in each category.
Summary Journal Articles Popular Literature Web Site
Number of Sources Found
Number of Sources Read
Number of Sources Used
• The references for the source material used. Note that the sources selected for the research paper must be repeated in this and the research paper. The sources found are the number of papers or Journals reviewed. A google search finds millions of items. You may look at 5 to 50 of those to determine if they have the information you need and that you want to read closer, which is the next category.
• An abstract, in your own words, of each source article read for the research report (four). The abstract is approximately one paragraph and restates the most important features of the article for your use.
• A critical assessment of the content of each source you read, including a comparison of common features and critical differences. The assessment must include why the final reference used in your paper is selected.
Your papers will be typed, double spaced with 1” margins all around. Type font will be 12 point, Times Roman. Your name and section number will appear on the top right of the first page. The entire project will be submitted in a paper, two pockets, folder, about 9”x12”.
Grading: Each paper will receive a grade and comments. The intent of grading on this exercise is to assess your understanding of the research process. The comments provide you with an indication of how the writing meets expectations in college level courses.
An A paper contains all of the required elements, the proper references, correct citation format, a clear response to the question, conclusions and findings, and a critical assessment of the resources.
A C paper typically shows a lack of focus on the research question and has a rambling response to the question, lacks conclusions and has inadequate or improper references. The assessment is equally lacking in focus and comparison among articles.
An F Paper is indicative of a student who did not bother to read the instructions, has a poorly formed research question, not answered the question and provided no logical references to support the answer to the question. The assessment totally misses the objectives.
RESEARCH PORTFOLIO – Optional by Section
A research portfolio contains copies of the materials used to develop your papers. Several faculty members require that research portfolio be included with the papers. Check your section syllabus. The portfolio need not be organized in any specific manner but it should include:
• Copies of the four articles cited in your paper (Copy no more than four pages. The first page should have the title and author of the article. If the Journal or Book name in not on that sheet, copy a fifth page with the cover of the journal or the copyright page of the book.)
• Notes developed during your research sessions.
• Specific notes and references to sections in your paper
DEFINITIONS AND HELP SOURCES
Journals: A journal is a record of transactions maintained by a deliberative body. Contents of a journal are typically peer reviewed and are archived by libraries. That means the articles in the journal are reviewed by two or more people familiar with the subject matter and a judgment is made that the content conforms to established practice. Electronic versions of journals are still considered as journals even if they are found on the internet. They have the same content and review as the paper version. If the term “Journal” is not in the title, use the library resources to verify it has a journal format.
Popular Literature: Articles in this category are typically authored by a single person and reviewed by an editor for grammar, for libel issues and for consistency with the editorial objectives. These include newspapers and magazines like Popular Science. For this exercise, books are considered popular literature. (In fact, many books undergo a considerable peer review process. The objective is to have you use the search engines available for research work and to examine the content of shorter articles, not to use book as references. If you use a book, you must abstract each chapter that you review.)
Internet Articles: Internet articles may be authored by anyone for any purpose. There is no requirement that they be factual, although many are very good, an equal number are truly bad or wrong. Assessing internet sources requires some basic understanding of the subject material and often requires an exercise to see in the information on the site can be verified by a second source.
Methods of assessing web based sources are located at
Writing resources: The Writing Center in Coe Library offers assistance in developing written materials for this and all University courses. The services and hours for the semester are found at the Writing Center website
Note: one page outline should be provided with the papers so the total pages will be 4 for the research and one for outline. so 5 pages.
– Please provide me with copy of the all resources that used in this research papers.