Explain health risks due to obesity.

Which of the following individuals will face the greatest health risks due to obesity?

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Jill, who has been obese since childhood

Jose, who gained weight after he got married

Theresa, who gained weight after having her second baby

David, who gained 25 pounds after he turned 50 years old

Which of the following is a reason that the amount of extra subcutaneous fat would be higher than the amount of visceral fat?

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Being a woman

Stress

Alcohol consumption

Increasing age

Which of the following contribute to the energy imbalance that is prevalent in America?

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Distorted portion sizes

Food availability

Fast-food meals

All of these choices contribute to the energy imbalance in America

Jim has a BMI of 26 kg/m2, a waist circumference of 38, and none of the health conditions associated with excess body fat. He exercises regularly and does not smoke. From what we know about Jim, what can we most likely infer?

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Jim needs to gain weight.

Jim needs to lose weight.

Jim does not need to lose weight.

Jim is at risk for developing diabetes.

Identify the energy equation which is most accurate for the individual who is weight stable.

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Energy intake equals total calories expended from physical activity and the thermic effect of food

Energy intake plus the calories expended for the basal metabolic rate equals the total calories expended from physical activity and the thermic effect of food

Energy intake minus calories expended from physical activity equals the thermic effect of food

Energy intake equals total calories expended from physical activity, the thermic effect of food and the basal metabolic rate

A high BMI is NOT associated with an increased health risk when:

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The person has a small amount of muscle mass

The person does not look overweight

The person exercises regularly and eats healthy

The person does not have any chronic diseases

More Americans are obese today than 40 years ago because:

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We are eating less and moving less

We are eating more and moving more

We are eating more and moving less

Americans are not obese

For most people, the majority of their total energy expenditure is from their

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basal metabolism

energy intake

physical activity

thermic effect of food

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

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Mary, a sedentary college student, must plan her food intake carefully, so it doesn’t exceed energy expenditure.

Tim, a long-distance runner, can burn more calories for physical activity than for basal metabolism.

Joe, who has a high fat diet, will burn more calories to process his food than Deb who follows a lower fat diet.

All of these statements are true.

Which of the following is characteristic of a healthy weight loss diet?

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Eating fewer than 1200 calories daily.

Losing 5 lbs a week.

Promoting physical activity.

Limiting milk and other animal products.

Strength training and stretching exercises should be done:

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every day.

once each month.

two to three days a week.

once each week.

Which of the following stimulates the production of red blood cells?

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Caffeine

Medium-chain triglycerides

Erythropoietin

Carnitine

An individual who swims for longer distances in shorter amounts of time each day is improving their:

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Endurance and body composition only

Flexibility and endurance only

Flexibility and strength only

Endurance, body composition and strength

What fuel(s) are the main energy source during short, intense bursts of exercise?

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Metabolism of protein only

Metabolism of fat only

Metabolism of carbohydrate only

Carbohydrates and vitamins

Anaerobic metabolism uses which of the following fuels?

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B vitamins

glucose

carbohydrate

fat

Endorphins

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increase basal metabolic rate.

increase muscle mass.

reduce appetite.

reduce carbohydrate cravings.

The exercise recommendations to maintain a healthy body weight are _____ those recommended to reduce risk of chronic disease.

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greater than

the same as

less than

Aerobic exercise is considered to be at an intensity of _____ % of maximum heart rate.

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10-30%

40-70%

60-85%

90-100%

Which of the following combinations is recommended for an effective fitness program?

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150 minutes of aerobic exercise and strength training

60 minutes of aerobic exercise and stretching

200 minutes of aerobic exercise and strength training

250 minutes of aerobic exercise and stretching

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