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Discuss which theoretical approach is most closely found in our society’s modern views on punishment and the death penalty.

Pt 1 DB- Using a comparison of classical theories versus positivist theories as the backdrop to your answer, discuss which theoretical approach is most closely found in our society’s modern views on punishment and the death penalty. (Hint: Be sure to discuss any studies or theories that may call this into question if there are any). You must use at least 2/4 of the below references and choice on of your own. You must ensure you answer the question in its entiried. You should reread the question to ensure you have answered the complete question. Make sure there is depth to your answer.

Stafford, Mark and Mark Warr (1993) “A Reconceptualization of General and Specific Deterrence.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 30 (No. 2):123-135.

Williams, Kirk and Richard Hawkins (1986) “Perceptual Research on General Deterrence: A Critical Review.” Law and Society Review 20 (No. 4):545-572.

Cullen, Francis T., Cheryl Lero Jonson, and Daniel S. Nagin (2011) “Prisons Do Not Reduce Recidivism: The High Cost of Ignoring Science.” The Prison Journal 91 (No. 3): 48S-65S.

Hay, Carter (2001) “An Exploratory Test of Braithwaite’s Reintegrative Shaming Theory.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 38:132-153.

Pt 2 DB-Compare and contrast three (3) of the major theorists (and their theories) in the field of criminology. Which of these do you find yourself most closely associating with and why? You must use at least 2/4 of the below references and choice on of your own. You must ensure you answer the question in its entiried. You should reread the question to ensure you have answered the complete question. Make sure there is depth to your answer.

Velez, M. B. (2001). The role of public social control in urban neighborhoods: A multilevelanalysis of victimization risk. Criminology, 39, 837-864.

Warner, B. D. (2007). Directly Intervene or Call the Authorities? A Study of Forms of Neighborhood Social Control within a Social Disorganization Framework. Criminology, 45, 99-129.

Wilkinson, D.L. (2007). Local social ties and willingness to intervene: Textured views among violent urban youth of neighborhood social control dynamics and situations. Justice Quarterly, 24, 185-220.

Paternoster, R. (1987). The Deterrent Effect of the Perceived Certainty and Severity of Punishment: A Review of the Evidence and Issues. Justice Quarterly, 4(2), 173-217.


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