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Discuss the evolution of management and organisational theory in pre-modern, modern and post-modern eras.

The references can be between 4 and 8, two key theorist are Mary Hatch and Charles Handy. Topic: Discuss the evolution of management and organisational theory in pre-modern, modern and post-modern eras. This should include shifts in social, economic and political ideas.

a) Discuss the evolution of management and organisational theory. This should include shifts in social, economic and political ideas.
In this essay I am going to explore management and organisation theories evolution by touching on aspects of social, economic and political ideas. These ideas will include analysing what management looked like through the pre modern century, the modern century and the postmodern century. I have chosen topic a) because of its interesting stages of change reflected through the centuries.

The different eras of management
Management and Organisational theory has seen many changes through the eras. I will be using two main theorist to explore these ears in relation to social, economic and political ideas. The first theorist Mary Hatch believes that organisation theory is built on four concepts known as prehistory (1900-1950’s), Modern (1960’s-1970’s), Symobilic- Interpretive (1980’s), and postmodern (1990’s onwards) as explained by Thomason, S (2013). Charles Handy model of organisation culture reflects four key parts that reflect how we currently understand organisational theory, power, task culture, person culture and role culture all make up this model (management study guide 2013).

Pre Modern- Pre industrial
In the pre Modern century main management and organisation was built around the churches and their involvement in the community. Society was seen as rural living in a decade that provided poor education, feudal concepts where land could be used by the working class and owned by the rich. Being rich usually meant one was in a position of power and authority which reflected a strong hierarchy. In political sense …
Key transformations that began to take place in the 18th and 19th century include moving from feudalism to capitalism. A strong view on gender roles where men went to work and women were expect to stay home until the impact from the first world war where women and some children then had to take on men’s roles outside of the house. This however did laps when the war was over and the men return a demand for their work roles back pushing women from their paid two thirds of a wage back into the domestic roles occurred.

Organisations become very much privately owned and profited from in the modern era known as Capitalism. Ideas of progress captured thoughts are changing the world through the building of ‘better things’. Education was widely improved and everything became intertwined such as education and inventures.
The ideas of taylorism grew which impacted on ideas around management and organisation meant a hierarchy of you did what you got told in the outcome to improve workflow and labour productivity.

Post Modern
Postmodern times gave birth to scepticism where people socially began doubting the truth. There has been a large growth in environmental movements and a growth in other movements that challenge the rights of people and groups where their justice is challenged such as the gay rights movement and women’s rights movement.
Capitalism still lingers and has grown through the use of now advertising which reflects the overall idea that Handy has about the ongoing improvement available to society. This is supported through the emerging of technology and what has become readily available to us in the postmodern times.
Comparing the three



Thomason, S. (2013). Book | organization theory by mary hatch. Retrieved from

Management study guide. (2013). Charles handy model of organization culture. Retrieved from
Criteria Explanation Maximum marks

Relevance Did you address the topic?
How have you linked written material and references to your personal experiences? Have you described the area of study and your experiences in the organisation?
Clarity & presentation How well is the essay presented, including grammar, spelling, correct citations and referencing?
Depth of understanding How well have you described, analysed and debated theory and practice? The debate should demonstrate a clear understanding of both.
Originality/ creativity Have you included interesting ideas and well-reasoned conclusions? The extent to which you have reflected on your experiences and their application for the future.

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