Discuss Coronavirus and the press in Saudi Arabia

want a case study regarding the news published in Saudi Arabia in the matter of Coronavirus. We can use the news’ tool in Google to reach the news that published in Saudi Arabia. And here is my research proposal:

The aim of this study is to highlight some of newspapers that published in Saudi Arabia in order to assess the coverage of one of the health crisis that occurred recently in the Middle East, which killed nearly 700 people of various nationalities in Saudi Arabia after the failure in the treatment of some cases infected with Coronaviruses. However, Coronaviruses is one of the most common problems that bothered the Saudi society because of the failure of the Ministry of Health in controlling the virus, or even to find the appropriate treatment for patients. This failure has caused a steady rise in the number of patients. Coronavirus has considerable attention from the scientific institutions and the media alike.
The Saudi Ministry of Health stated that, “Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause colds, and in some cases can cause severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Most cases of the virus infections have common symptoms including high temperatures, body aches, sore throat, running nose and cough. In most circumstances, these symptoms last for days and then disappear.”
One of worthy goals of discussion in this study is a decision issued by the Saudi Council of Ministers on 14.04.2014 where “the Council stresses on the media to adhere to all of the issued instructions not to publish any news concerning this virus or any epidemic disease except through the approved official department at the Ministry of Health.” “Crown Prince Chairs Cabinet’s Session.” Alriyadh (Riyadh) 14 Apr. 2014: n. page. Print. This decision has many connotations; therefore this study will examine the case of newspapers before and after the decision and will be focusing on news sources. The scholar is eager to explore the changes that have occurred before and after the issuance of the decision.
According to the rankings for the freedom of the press, occupies Saudi Arabia ranked 164 which detects deterioration experienced by the press there, which calls for the importance of studying the country’s media laws.
“The media environment in Saudi Arabia remained among the most repressive in the world in 2012. Article 39 of the Basic Law of 1992 does not guarantee freedom of the press, and certain provisions of the law allow authorities to exercise broad powers to prevent any act that may lead to disunity or sedition. It also prohibits publishing materials that harm national security or that “detract from a man’s dignity.” The 2000 Press and Publications Act governs the establishment of media outlets and stipulates penalties for press violations, such as fines and imprisonment. Under Royal Decree 1700/Mim Ba, issued in March 2005, jurisdiction over the media was transferred from the court system to the Ministry of Culture and Information, which is authorized to shut down any media outlet that it finds to have violated the press law. In April 2011, as uprisings across the Middle East and North Africa gained momentum, the monarchy issued a decree banning the reporting of news that contradicts Sharia (Islamic law), undermines national security, promotes foreign interests, or slanders religious leaders. The decree also amended several articles of the 2000 press law, allowing authorities to impose lifetime professional bans on journalists and levy fines of up to $133,000 for violations of the law.”

The research questions the scholar will explore are:
1) Why the Saudi Council of Ministers issued the decision to ban the media from publishing information from non-authorized sources?
2) What are the trends of Saudi press before and after the decision?
3) Did the newspapers cover the basic duties toward inform the masses?
4) What are the facts and what is hoped from the Saudi press in the future?
Also, we want to use the following sources:
Anadolu.edu. (2012). The international conference on global health and crisis
communication. Retrieved from http://hcc.anadolu.edu.tr/
The source addresses the relationship between the management of health crisis and its communication at the global role. More specifically, the article considers the role that the mass media continues to play in the communication of the management of the global health crises. Also, the source explains that communication plays a significant role in the management of health crises. The roles of communication range from the interpersonal level to the community and national levels. The mass media provides the connection between the health sector and the society. The mass media airs the advertisement campaigns that the health sector uses to inform the society about vaccination, cancer screening, the use of contraceptives, among other issues.
Almalki, M., Fitzgerald, G., & Clark, M. (2011). Healthcare system in Saudi Arabia:
The national center of biotechnology information. The Journal of East Mediterranean Health, Vol. 14 (10), pp.784-793. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22256414
The overall perspective of the authors is that the healthcare system of Saudi Arabia has improved greatly in the recent decades. The government of Saudi Arabia has given the country’s health a lot of preference, which has been the cause of the country’s health development. However, the country still faces numerous challenges within the health sector, and its management of health crisis is still a major challenge. The main reason the country lacks a sound system for managing its health crisis is the government’s failure to develop a clear policy framework to guide the process. The study shall give the researcher an insight into Saudi Arabia’s challenges in its management of health crisis.
Black, I. (2013). Saudi digital generation takes on Twitter, YouTube, and authorities. Retrieved
from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/17/saudi-arabia-digital-twitter-social- media-islam
This report shows that Saudi Arabia has the highest number of social media users in the world. The media has given the citizens a platform on which they can express their ideas. However, the reporter explains that Saudi Arabia has strict laws that limit the kind of content that the people share on the social media platforms. The government monitors the media’s users against the content that criticizes the Islam faith among other violations. Twitter has spurred greater freedom of expression in the country than before. However, the government discourages the citizens from using the social media platform, arguing that it spreads lies. The article is important for information on the effects of the social media in the country, and how the government counters the effects.
Holmes, B. J., Henrich, N., Hancock, S., & Lestou, V. (2009). Communicating with the public during health crises: experts’ experiences and opinions. Journal of Risk Research, 12(6), 793-807.
This article asserts that governments and health agencies worldwide acknowledge the importance of inform the public of news during the crisis. Also, this paper adds to the literature, exploring the notion of ‘effective communication during health crises’ by reporting on interviews
with 22 public health officials, scientists and communications professionals responsible for
communicating with the public. However, this article asserts on the importance of the role that
mass media play during the crisis.

Kupferschmidt, K. (2014). Soaring MERS cases in Saudi Arabia raise alarms. Science,
344(6183), 457-458.
This article focuses on coronavirus in Saudi Arabia, the officials’ concerns due to the virus, and collaborative research between virologist Christian Drosten of the University of Bonn in Germany and Saudi Deputy Minister of Health Ziad Memish.
Levy, R., & Binshtok, N. (2014). Saudi sniffs at spreading health crisis.
Retrieved from http://www.vocativ.com/world/saudi-arabia-world/saudi-sniffs-spreading-health-crisis/
The article shows that Saudi Arabia is currently facing the health crisis of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). The authors argue that the government has failed to stop the virus from spreading in the country, and that the disease threatens to kill many people in the country. In the perspective of the authors, the government has taken the wrong method of tackling the health crisis. The government is limiting the spread of the health crisis through the mass media and other communication channels. The government has avoided implementing the measures that can contain the infection.
Luther, C. A., & Xiang, Z. (2005). Within the boundaries of politics: News framing of SARS in
China and the United States. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 82(4), 857-872.
This research focused in the coverage of news of SARS by newspapers in China and the United States. The researchers relied an assumption that the Chinese press would exhibit news frames similar to those found in Western news. However, the result asserts that there are some economic consequences, responsibility, conflict, leadership, and human-interest news frames in both the U.S. and Chinese newspapers.
Saudi Embassy (2013). About Saudi Arabia: The council of ministers system. Retrieved from
The source explains that the Council of Ministers is the body that implements the country’s policy decisions. The king is the head of the council (cabinet), and the role of the council is to advise the president on matter pertaining to the country’s policy. The council makes the final decisions on financial, administrative, and executive issues. The council votes on the decisions, and when there is a tie in the voting, the king casts the tie-breaking vote.
Winslow, D. L. (2014). Clinical experience in critically Ill patients with MERS-CoV. Infectious
Disease Alert, 33(6), 66
The article presents a case study of 12 patients admitted to two hospitals in Saudi Arabia with suspected Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) due to reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). It states the media age of patients was 59 and showed comorbid conditions which includes diabetes, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease. It mentions that the patients required endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation, and renal replacement therapy.
Yamani, M. (N.d). Saudi Arabia’s media mask. Retrieved from
Yamani’s main argument is there is lack of press freedom in Saudi Arabia. The relationship between the government of Saudi Arabia and the media has been ambivalent. The government does not support the freedom of the press fully. For a long time, the country’s government has treated the media with mistrust. The government perceives the media as a dangerous institution. The government of Saudi Arabia censors the media’s content, ensuring that the press only reports the content that the government permits. Such content includes issues about Islam, prosperity, virtues, and heroism. The researcher shall rely on the article to understand how the government relates with the media.
Ziegler, H. (2014). The political system of Saudi Arabia. Retrieved from http://www.hziegler.com/articles/political-system-of-saudi-arabia.html
Ziegler explains that Saudi Arabia’s political regime is a hereditary monarchy. The Islamic law (Sharia) forms the basis of the country’s constitution. The Sharia courts hear and determine most of the cases in the country, and they are the most powerful courts in the country’s legislative rank. The executive branch is the most powerful branch, and the king heads it. The king also functions as the Prime Minister of the country, and he is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The King is very powerful, and he controls all the aspects of governance.
The annotated bibliography above are 10, so we need to add 5 sources to them.

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