Discuss and explain the fracture in Oil Industry

Words 2,000 (does not include title page, abstract, Table of Contents, or Appendix).

Task: For this paper, you will expand upon your informative paper 1 assignment adding a title page with abstract, table of contents, an introduction section, a conclusion section and an appendix which will include at least one visual component (chart, graph, etc .. ). You will also need to expand upon the topic itself and your explanations and analysis thereof; thus, you should consider using 2-3 secondary sources for each subtopic to help you expand your original thoughts. You should use at least 6 sources for this paper. You should choose a secondary audience to go along with the first one you chose for Paper 1. This will also help you to expand your subtopics because your secondary audience may need more information than the first one did. Instead of a works cited page, you will provide footnotes for all references used.

Order of Structure for Paper and Checklist for Parts:

1. Title Page with Abstract

2. Table of Contents ( lists major sections/subtopics and back matter: appendix

3. Introduction

4. Visible, multiple sections with Sub-headings- key areas of your discussion

5. Footnotes throughout

6. Conclusions

7. Appendix

Your papers should be informative and analytical- you should be concise but thorough, so you’ll want to think about your sentence structures and cutting out unecessary words and clutter from your syntax (sentence clarity link). You should direct this report to a particular audience and that should be made clear in your abstract and introduction. How you write for this designated audience will be a major part of this assignment.


For most of our papers in this course, we will be considering our audience and their effect on how we write or how we NEED to write for our readers’ cognition needs.

Most of the time, Academic Writing is full of jargon and complicated principles that may alienate certain audiences. This type of writing gives all of the responsibility for comprehension to the readers, themselves, and is considered “Writer Centered.”

“Reader Centered” writing, however, makes it the writer’s responsibility to write in a certain way that his/her principles can be comprehended and understood. As “Reader Centered” writers, you can meet the needs of your particular audience by paying close attention to:

1. Acknowledging your main audience and giving a clear sense of purpose for what your report will do.

2. Providing plenty of research that is explained and citations in the form of footnotes.

3. By arranging the content and information in such a way that it is easy to follow and understandable.

4. Paying close attention to Page Design and making it easy to navigate the report.

5. Using a rhetorical style that is concise and coherent.

Here are some questions you should consider when selecting a secondary audience:

For this project, you should choose a secondary audience. This means that you can keep writing for the audience you chose in Paper 1, but you’ll also need to have another one- this will help you to add more subtopics and expand your paper. For example, if you chose incoming freshman as your audience for the informative essay, then you could add seniors or parents for paper two.

Ask yourself the following questions:

What does this audience need to know?

What are their particular needs for cognition?You might have to do some research to answer this second question.

Your title should reflect the audience to which you’re directing your report. You’ll need to revise your title from Paper 1 to accomodate and reflect the secondary audience for Paper 2.

Different types of Sources:

For the Technical Report Assignment, you will be expected to properly integrate 6 sources. You’ll need to think about how to refer to these sources and what different types you’ll want to use. Having a “layered” research style is important in giving your reports a sense of ethos and logos.

Here are the different categories of sources from which you can choose to represent in your reports:

Primary- Sources that have specific factual information about the issue trend. history and/or simple definitions- etc..

Secondary- essays, articles, reports by other scholars, engineers, scientitsts on your topic.

Benchmark- examples of how issues/problems have been tested- what other companies do or have done. What you might measure your issue trend/problem against by way of comparing or contrasting.

qualitative- sources that deal with the quality of a system – that shows size, appearance, color, process-

quantitative- sources that deal with numbers and statistics.

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