The paper is divided into an abstract (that gives a description of the general plan of the papers) and other three sections. The first section is an introduction (no more than 2 pages to introduce a historical background on the Iraqi war in 2003). the second part is the body of the paper which is also divided into two subsections: section A is dedicated to study Kevin Powers novel The Yellow Birds. Here the focus is on the heroic as well as difficulties the American soldiers faced in Iraq. on the other hand, Section B studies Roxana Robinson’s Sparta that deals with the problems and diseases those soldiers faced in Iraq and how theses diseases have their backfire on the whole American society.
The final section in the paper is the conclusion in which there must be a kind of comparison between those two in novel especially the way Iraqi war influenced both of them.