Your company is looking to provide a company car for its president and needs to know which option, buy or lease, would be the best financial decision.
Part I. Design and create a workbook in Excel to compare the purchase versus lease of an automobile. The car the company wishes to purchase is $18,400. Monthly net income (after taxes) is $3,024. You need to decide whether to lease the car over three years or buy the car with the aid of a bank loan for $18,400. Design and create your solution using Excel. Format your workbook attractively and appropriately based on professional design principles learned in this course. You must use proper functions and formulas for all calculations. Name the worksheet Vehicle Purchase Analysis. Be sure your calculations support your conclusions. Save your file as Exam III Item 1.
The following information is provided:
If the company was to lease the vehicle with zero down, the lease payment would be $355 per month. At the end of the three years, there is an option to buy the vehicle for $12,000. What would be the total cost to own the vehicle at the end of three years?
If the company was to purchase the vehicle with the aid of a bank loan with zero down for three years (interest rate is 7%), what would the monthly payment be? What would be the total cost to own the vehicle at the end of three years?
How much would the company pay, over and above the price of the vehicle, for each option?
What do you recommend as the best financial alternative: purchase or lease? Which option would you recommend the company choose and why? What other factors should be considered in the decision OTHER THAN cost?
Create an attractive chart to illustrate your financial findings. Be sure to use appropriate labels. Which chart type did you choose and why?
Perform all analysis using Excel. Answer the questions within your Excel workbook.
Part 2. Amortization Schedule. Create a new worksheet within the Exam III Item 1 file and name it Amortization Schedule. Assume the vehicle was purchased and the payback period was 3 years. Design and create an amortization schedule with a column indicating the # of the payment (there will be a total of 36 payments), the remaining principal, the amount of the payment applied to interest, the amount of the payment applied to principal, and the total amount of the monthly payment (will be consistent over the payback period). Use ppmt and ipmt function for the payment and interest portion of each payment.
Save your file as Exam III Item 1.
Item 2 Data Tables and Scenarios
Rogers Party Planners
You are the sole proprietor of a small party planning company that specializes in small community and company events (average of 200 people per event). You have one employee who you pay $200 per party. You are also responsible for paying payroll taxes. You rent a small storage unit which you use for storing party materials and supplies. You have to pay for liability insurance. Because of the Seasonal Nature of Party planning, you may increase advertising during specific seasons. The advertising expense is based on an average throughout the year. The number of parties per month is also an average throughout the year.
You are concerned that you might have cash flow issues during slow months and want to analyze how the different seasons may affect your income. You also want to see how increasing you’re pricing during busy seasons may affect your income. You are thinking about hiring a second employee and perhaps taking on larger parties. You decide to explore all these different avenues by using the tools provided by Excel. You are also considering purchasing or building a facility that can be used for your events and parties.
Part 1. Use the data file Rogers.xls. Add a documentation sheet with author, date and purpose of workbook.
Create an Income Statement with the following data: Enter formulas to calculate amount in cells with asterisks.
|Rogers Party Planning Monthly Income Statement|
|Revenue per head for party||$15.00|
|Average size of party||200|
|Revenue per party||* $3,000.00|
|Number of Parties per Month||8|
|Average Revenue per Party||* 3,000.00|
|Total Monthly Revenue||* $24,000.00|
|Average Material Cost per Head||7.17|
|Total Material Cost per Month||* 11,472.00|
|Payroll per Party||430.00|
|Total Payroll per Month||* 3,440.00|
|Total Variable Expenses||*$14,912.00|
|Total Fixed Expenses||* $1,640.00|
|Total Monthly Revenue||*$24,000.00|
|Total Monthly Expenses||*$16,552.00|
|Gross Monthly Income||* $ 7,448.00|
|Net Monthly Income||*$ 5,362.56|
In the same worksheet as your income statement, create a single variable data table to analyze how the net income per month would change based on the number of parties per month. Use the range of parties from 1 per month to 16 per month. You can refer to the PDF and Word doc to check your table results. These are posted in D2L under the content area and named monthly income data table.
Create a CVP Chart using the results of your data table. Save this in the same worksheet at your data table and income statement. Format according to the rubric on the last page of this exam.
Use Goal Seek to determine the break-even point for Net Income (Net Income will be equal to zero) with the current values for revenue and expenses by changing the monthly number of parties. Indicate the solution in the documentation worksheet labeled: Break-Even Point Sales by Party Size. Please note the breakeven point in the documentation worksheet, and return the income statement back to the original values. Note that your data table should return to the original values as well.
d.) Create the following four scenarios based on the Create a Scenario Summary with Total Monthly Revenue, Total Monthly Expenses and Net Monthly Income as the results cells. Please also name the Total Monthly Revenue, Total Monthly Expenses and Net Monthly Income cells accordingly. Name the cells used as changing cells and results cell in the scenario summary so that their names (and not the cell reference) will appear in the scenario summary. Use the names, Size of Party, Number of Employees, Number of Parties, and Price per Head. Save the summary worksheet as Alternative Scenarios.
Set up four scenarios as follows: (use these names for each of the scenarios)
1) Average Operations (Status Quo)
2) Reduced Number of Parties, Normal Price
3) Larger Parties, Additional Employee
4) More Parties, Additional Employee, Increased Pricing
1 2 3 4
Size of Party 200 200 350 400
Number of Employees(Payroll Per Party) 430 430 860 860
Number of Parties 8 5 8 15
Price per Head 15 15 15 20
If you get the following message click OK:
Which Scenario do you recommend and why? Include your recommendations in the scenario summary worksheet.
Part 2. Loan Analysis Scenario
As another scenario you are considering building a facility in which you could hold parties and receptions. After researching your options, you realized that you would need to take out a loan for $500,000, which you would like to repay over a ten year period. This includes kitchen equipment, furniture, and additional licensures. The kitchen equipment and furniture will cost you 25% of your total investment. The current interest rate is the prime rate plus 3%. The prime rate is currently 3.25%, this means your annual interest rate would be 6.25%. You will use Straight Line Depreciation over a 6 year period to determine the cost of your depreciation. The estimated salvage value of your equipment is $75,000.
Create a Loan Analysis worksheet, Depreciation Worksheet, and New Income Statements, using the following information:
1. What would your monthly payments be under the above scenario?
2. What is the future value of your loan after five years assuming you pay $2,500 per month?
3. How many total payments would it take to pay off this loan in years if you pay $3,000 per month?
4. How much could you borrow if you wanted to pay $3,000 per month over a 10 year period?
Do any of these scenarios seem feasible given your estimated monthly net income? Determine how depreciation affects your net income and cash flow? Remember depreciation is an expense, but it is a non-cash expense that you can add back in to increase your cash flow. Hint: see tutorial 9.
Another hint regarding depreciation and the income statements: you want to create a new income statement under each loan scenario and make sure to include depreciation The amount that you will use for depreciation is going to be 25% of $500,000 with a salvage value of $75,000.
What are some other considerations to take into account if you wish to own your facility? How might that affect your analysis? Please save your responses to this section a.), b.) and c.) to a worksheet named Solver Model.
b.) Interpreting Solver Models
Using the solver model below, identify
a. The current value of the objective cell
b. Number of changing cells in the model
c. Logical values and whether or not the current constraints have been met
d. The arrays that are saved in the solver model and what the iterative Process is
|Maximum Net Income Model|
|Minimum Material Expenses|
c.) Please define the following terms regarding Solver Reports and how they may be used in analyzing your party planning business.
1. Binding and non-binding constraints