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Describe the methods that cells used to transport glucose into cells, and briefly discuss the biochemical reaction that ensures that glucose remains within the cell.

Describe the methods that cells used to transport glucose into cells, and briefly discuss the biochemical reaction that ensures that glucose remains within the cell.

Glucose is not absorbed directly by the cells. There are mechanisms that transport glucose into cells. The glucose transporter facilitates the transportation of glucose into the cells through the cell membrane (Bogan, 2012). The glucose moves from its region of high concentration outside the cell to a region of low concentration in the cell. Another method is active transport. The glucose transport protein relies on the concentration gradient that the cell has created during it glucose uptake. The glucose uptake depends on the glucose gradient from the body into the body cells.

Most of the body tissues contain a hydrolytic enzyme known as glucose-6-phosphatase that enables glucose to leave an organ. Muscle phosphorylase regulates the energy in a cell. The glucose-6-phosphatase absence in muscle tissues ensures that glucose-6-phosphate remains within the cell. It ensures that the glycogen remains trapped within the cell. High concentrations of AMP activate muscle phosphorylase. AMP binds and stabilizes phosphorylase b in the active state. The process thus, ensures that glucose remains within the cell.

This was the professor’s response – PLEASE CORRECT THIS ANSWER BASED ON HIS FEEDBACK.

2. Describe the
methods that cells
used to transport glucose into cells, and briefly discuss
the biochemical
reaction that ensures that glucose remains within the
cell.

Glucose is
not absorbed directly by the cells. There are mechanisms
that transport glucose
into cells. The glucose transporter
facilitates the transportation of glucose into the cells
through the cell
membrane (Bogan, 2012). The glucose moves from its region of
high concentration
outside the cell to a region of low concentration in the
cell. Another method
is active
transport. The glucose transport protein relies
on the concentration
gradient that the cell has created during it glucose uptake.
The glucose uptake
depends on the glucose gradient from the body into the body
cells. IN FUTURE GIVE MORE
DETAIL FOR THIS

Most of the body tissues contain a
hydrolytic enzyme
known as glucose-6-phosphatase that enables glucose to leave
an organ. Muscle
phosphorylase regulates the energy in a cell. The
glucose-6-phosphatase absence
in muscle tissues ensures that glucose-6-phosphate remains
within the cell. It
ensures that the glycogen remains trapped within the cell.
High concentrations
of AMP activate muscle phosphorylase. AMP binds and
stabilizes phosphorylase b
in the active state. The process thus, ensures that glucose
remains within the
cell. NO NO
NO!

I told you the answer last time.
It is glycolysis.
Ist step in glycolysis is phosphorylation of UNCHARGED
glucose to the
CHARGED glucose 6 p. Whereas glucose can easily
diffuse out of
the cell , glucose 6 P can not.

Here are my sources:

Alpers, D. H., & Isselbacher, K. J. (2013). Disaccharidase deficiency.Advances in metabolic

disorders, 4, 75.

Bogan, J. S. (2012). Regulation of glucose transporter translocation in health and diabetes. Annual review of biochemistry, 81, 507-532.

Jumbo-Lucioni, P. P., Garber, K., Kiel, J., Baric, I., Berry, G. T., Bosch, A., … & Fridovich-Keil, J. L. (2012). Diversity of approaches to classic galactosemia around the world: a comparison of diagnosis, intervention, and outcomes.Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 35(6), 1037-1049.

Mattar, R., de Campos Mazo, D. F., & Carrilho, F. J. (2012). Lactose intolerance: diagnosis, genetic, and clinical factors. Clinical and experimental gastroenterology, 5, 113.

Pandya, A. V., Joshi, D., Vora, S., & Vishwakarma, A. (2013). Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences.


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