Please Answer these 3 questions and write 2 pages on each question.
1) Primary and secondary groups
A social group is two or more people who identify with and interact with one another.
Primary group: Human beings, come together with couples, families, circles of friends, churches, clubs, businesses, neighborhoods, and large organizations.
People shared experiences, loyalties, and interests . ….feel as…”we”…. primary group is a small social Group whose members share personal and lasting relationships: spend
a great deal of time together. Engage in a wide range of activities and feel that that they
know one another pretty well. .family is the most important primary group
concern…. they are the first group we experience in life. In addition, family and friends
have primary importance in the socialization process, shaping our attitudes, behavior and
Secondary group is a large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a
specific goal or activity. . In most respects, secondary groups have characteristics opposite to those of primary groups. …little personal knowledge…last short for short time –
example: students in a college course. Large numbers .dozens or even hundreds in a company…../ can transform to primary group co-workers…. Goal orientation – secondary groups look to one another for what they are,…../…….what we give others and what we receive in return…..
2) Social experience and personality development: nature and nurture
Human Development: Nature and Nurture
Nature instincts, but personality development depends
on others (on others)
Charles Darwin 1809-1882…study of evolution Origin of species (1859) human behavior was instinctive, simply our nature….instinctive human competitiveness….. women are naturally .emotional…men are naturally rational
Psychologist John B Watson…1878-1958
Behavior is not instinctive but learned, people everywhere are equally human differing only in cultural patterns, …behavior rooted not in nature but in a nurture.
3) Define: values, beliefs, symbols, technology and culture, or cultural diversity.