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China’s development policy

Curriculum Design and Evaluation
China’s development policy
The development policies of China are headed to leading the world since so far, the China’s economy has surpassed that of Japan and is slotting the second largest globally behind that of U.S.A and with the trend it’s on, it is headed to outshine that of U.S.A.
Key development indicators
Life expectancy
China’s average life expectancy on its populace as per 2010, had an increment of 5.5 years, up from 68 years to 73.5 years old, and if the word of the reporters is anything to go by, China’s life expectancy has reached the standard level of the countries that are fairly developing. To cap it all, the China’s infant maternal mortality rate and the infant mortality rate have been found out to be the best in the league of the developing countries.
HDI growth rate
The index of the human development in China has undergone an increment to 0.66 up from 0.53 and this has ranked the country on the league of the countries with the quickly HDI growth rate globally.
Economy growth rate: the countries economy growth rate grew averagely to 10% as by 2004.
Poverty elimination
To lower the poverty level in the country, the government has increased the amount of the money set aside for the elimination and development from 2611 Yuan to 3273 Yuan. The Chinese citizens who live below the poverty line have lowered noticeably thereby making the country an example of poverty eradication.
Eradication of illiteracy
The state has encouraged the improvement of education so as to increase the level of literacy in several ways. For example, in the year 2010, the government scrapped off the tuition fees and miscellaneous fees from 130 million students who hailed from the rural areas. To cap it all, the state went ahead to offer them free textbooks and the students who went to schools with boarding facilities were relieved of the boarding fees and 12.24 million boarding students who hailed from underprivileged poor families were relieved of the boarding fees and then 750 Yuan handed out to all the elementary school borders and drafting new teachers graduates to tutor in rural areas.
GDP growth rate
By 2010, the China’s GDP had a value of $ 5.87 trillion and it had outdone that of Japan which had a value of $ 5.47 trillion. This is a key indicator that development indicator of the development policies. In 2003, the GDP grew to 10.0 %, grew to 10.1 % in 2004 and as by 2005, the economy had grown to 10.4 %. Worldwide, the GDP of China has topped the top best three.
Major policy challenges
Great concern
The fact that the country (China) is rising to power; having a strongly growing economy, militarily modernization, is getting raised brows from the countries that are in that periphery or are in the superpower leagues such as United States, Japan, South Korea, India.
Anxiety
The fact that the country is destined to become the global superpower in this 21st century is making the members of the international community regarding the country with keen interest as in its plans in spite of its peaceful outward look of the country’s leaders of politics.
East Asia’s flawed policies
With the termination of the Soviet Union, the Cold War didn’t end and so some countries of East Asia have allied themselves to the United States and are against China.
Superpower differentials
China and United States have the most noteworthy mutual foreign policy challenge and this makes the China beware of the extensive differences between China’s strategic reach and military ability and that of the United States. The China’s political leaders are also aware of both the military and the economic weakness points against China (Dahlman, 2001). There are many other reasons for this such as the thought that the objective of China is to oust U.S from the Asian Security System and that it is also looking forward to oust U.S from its Western Pacific political and military dominance.
Ways to improve the policy challenges
Weakening the alliances of countries allied to the U.S
In the recent past, China has tried to weaken the US alliances in East Asia by bringing up misgivings among the U.S allies to South Korea and Japan.
Making alliance
China is trying hard to strengthen the alliance between it and Pakistan. China also saw the military ability of India following the India’s 1998 nuclear test and therefore since it has seen it as a rising Asian power, it is seeking its alliance which has been through many high level visits between the two countries.
Suppressing partnerships
The foreign policy of China is also suppressing other alliances of the region of both South East Asia and South Asia with the U.S. The country is also going against the grain by using Pakistan as a tactical pressure point against United States using allurements such as assisting Pakistan in building up its nuclear weapons and also the missile arsenal.
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References
Dahlman Carl, J. (2001). China and the knowledge economy: seizing the 21st century. Washington D.C: World Bank Publications.


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