Identify a health topic in which there has been an urban outbreak. Begin to research journal articles on this topic from the Capella library.

Discussion 1:

Topic: Project Preparation – Getting Started

Choose a Region, Topic, and Interviewee

For this project you will be adapting the response to the urban problem to be appropriate for a rural setting. This response can be something that has already occurred (as in an outbreak that happened in the past) or an ongoing program such as a public health promotion program for a non-communicable disease. To get started on the project:

1. Identify a health topic in which there has been an urban outbreak. Begin to research journal articles on this topic from the Capella library. Additionally, you may find valuable information from the sites you explored in units 1 and 2 (WHO, CDC, NIH, World Bank, UNICEF, USAID). Some examples of health topics include infectious conditions such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and influenza. You can also choose non-infectious outbreaks of conditions such as cancer, diabetes, obesity, and so forth.

2. Choose a rural area in which a similar outbreak to the aforementioned urban area could occur. For example, if there is an outbreak of obesity in Atlanta, Georgia, you could select a rural county in Georgia.

3. Begin brainstorming about potential individuals that could be contacted. You will need to communicate with a member of a public health organization for a portion of this project.

QUESTION1: ONE PAGE

Select an outbreak topic that has occurred in an urban area. You will also need to select a rural area that the outbreak response can be adapted to (please refer to the second study in this unit for more detail – See Question Reference).

Briefly explain the urban outbreak and its response and then share the rural area for which you plan to adapt the response.

QUESTION1 REFERENCES:

Levine, R. (2007). Case studies in global health: Millions saved. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Merson, M. H., Black, R. E., & Mills, A. J. (2012). Global health: Diseases, programs, systems, and policies. (3rd. ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Discussion 2:

Topic: Urbanization and Epidemiological Transition

READ! (THIS ARTICLE WILL BE ATTACHED)

Gomes, Damasceno, Azevedo, Prista, Silva-Matos, Saranga, and Lunet’s 2010 article, “Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference in Mozambique: Urban/Rural Gap During Epidemiological Transition,” in Obesity Reviews, volume 11, issue 9, pages 627–634.

QUESTION 2: ONE PAGE

After reading the article “Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference in Mozambique: Urban/Rural Gap During Epidemiological Transition”;

Define “epidemiological transition” and discuss how urbanization impacts this phenomenon. Cite specific examples from the article. Is this same trend that was seen in Mozambique true in the United States? Provide support for these similarities or differences.

OTHER REFERENCES:

e-Books

Levine, R. (2007). Case studies in global health: Millions saved. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Merson, M. H., Black, R. E., & Mills, A. J. (2012). Global health: Diseases, programs, systems, and policies. (3rd. ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Articles

Library

The following required readings are provided for you in the Capella University Library or linked directly in this course. To find library resources, use the Journal and Book Locator tool found on the library home page.

Gomes, A., Damasceno, A., Azevedo, A., Prista, A., Silva-Matos, C., Saranga, S., & Lunet, N. (2010). Body mass index and waist circumference in Mozambique: Urban/rural gap during epidemiological transition. Obesity Reviews, 11(9), 627–634.

Gray, L., MacDonald, C., Mackie, B., Paton, D., Johnston, D., & Baker, M. G. (2012). Community responses to communication campaigns for influenza A (H1N1): A focus group study. BMC Public Health,12(205).

Khachatryan, A. (2010). A public health based SWOT analysis: Syringe exchange programs in New Haven and Hartford, Connecticut (Master’s thesis). Yale University.

Moore, S. E., Fulford, A. J., Darboe, M. K., Jobarteh, M. L., Jarjou, L. M., & Prentice, A. M. (2012). A randomized trial to investigate the effects of pre-natal and infant nutritional supplementation on infant immune development in rural Gambia: The ENID trial: Early nutrition and immune development. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 12(107).

Shabila, N. P., Al-Tawil, N. G., Al-Hadithi, T. S., Sondorp, E., & Vaughan, K. (2012). Iraqi primary care system in Kurdistan region: Providers’ perspectives on problems and opportunities for improvement.BMC International Health and Human Rights, 12(21).

Siedner, M. J., Haberer, J. E., Bosco Bwana, M., Ware, N. C., & Bangsberg, D. R. (2012). High acceptability for cell phone text messages to improve communication of laboratory results with HIV-infected patients in rural Uganda: A cross-sectional survey study. BMC Medical Information Decision Making, 12(56).

Zhuang, X., Wu, Z., Poundstone, K., Yang, C., Zhong, Y., & Jiang, S. (2012). HIV-related high-risk behaviors among Chinese migrant construction laborers in Nantong, Jiangsu. PLoS ONE, 7(3), 1–6.

Internet

These required articles are available on the Internet. Please note that URLs change frequently. While the URLs were current when this course was designed, some may no longer be valid. If you cannot access a specific link, contact your instructor for an alternative URL. Permissions for the following links have been either granted or deemed appropriate for educational use at the time of course publication.

Public Broadcasting Service NewsHour. (2010). Are nurse practitioners the solution to shortage of primary-care doctors?

. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/health/jan-june11/nurses_05-26.html

Web Sites

Please note that URLs change frequently. While the URLs were current when this course was designed, some may no longer be valid. If you cannot access a specific link, contact your instructor for an alternative URL. Permissions for the following links have been either granted or deemed appropriate for educational use at the time of course publication.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Adolescent and school health. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/index.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Behavioral risk factor surveillance system. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/technical_infodata/surveydata.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). CDC wonder. Retrieved from http://wonder.cdc.gov/

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Do a SWOT analysis. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/phcommunities/resourcekit/evaluate/swot_analysis.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.) CDC. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/

Central Intelligence Agency. (2012). The world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/

Medline Plus. (n.d.). Health topics. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/healthtopics.html

Public Broadcasting Service. (2010). PBS. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/

The World Bank Group. (2012). World bank. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). The Belmont report. Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/belmont.html

United Nations Children’s Fund (n.d.). UNICEF. Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/

United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). USAID. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/

United States Census Bureau. (n.d.). Data access tools. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/main/www/access.html

United States Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d). HHS.gov. Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/

World Health Organization. (2012). Data and statistics. Retrieved http://www.who.int/research/en/

World Health Organization. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/en/

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