This paper must have PHD level critical thinking, thorough analysis of the topic, and competent research. Please submit in according to current APA guidelines. A title page, abstract, literature review, discussion and conclusion. Citations are EXTREMELY important. Please include the original theorists. When citing a theory, please cite the theorist, not just a writer of the theorist works. The topics that need to be covered are:
-The nature and importance of ethics in life
-Values and the relationship between values and character virtues
-The central importance of character virtues in creating a good life personally, and professionally
-How does adherence to a deontological moral system (duty-based ethics) effect the way we handle business. Example: Should we stay obligated to stick strictly to an employers policies because it is our job to do so, regardless of the consequences?
Please include Kant’s categorical imperative when writing about deontological moral systems:
– “Act only according to that principle whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law without contradiction.”
– “Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means, but always at the same time as an end.”
– Every rational being must so act as if he were through his principles always a legislating member in a universal kingdom of ends
-The impact of utilitarianism which asks us to look beyond self-interest to consider impartially the interests of all persons affected by our actions in a professional setting. Main theorists are: John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham and Henry Sidgwick
-The impact of “Justice as Fairness” theory has on managerial leadership. The basic moral question in this approach is: How fair is an action? Does it treat everyone in the same way, or does it show favoritism and discrimination? Main theorists are: John Rawls.
References to include the textbooks for this class:
1. Kerns, C. D. (2005) Value-Centered Ethics: A proactive system to shape ethical behavior. Amherst, MA: HRD Press, Inc. ISBN 0-87425-806-5
2. Johnson, C. E. (2012). Organizational Ethics: A practical approach. (2nd ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN 978-1-4129-8796-7