Part I Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment: •Researchers wanted to explore self-esteem in adolescent boys and adolescent girls. Each respondent completed a 10-item self-esteem scale (they chose one rating for
each item from a Likert-type scale, 1 = strongly disagree and 5 = strongly agree). The sum of the 10 ratings was each respondent’s self-esteem score. Their results were: t = 2.01, d = .90 (40 girls, 40 boys). Directions: Use the scenario presented in part
1a, above, to thoroughly answer the following questions: 1.What statistical test did the researchers use to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in levels of self-esteem between the boys and the girls? 2.What was the purpose of calculating
a Cohen’s d? When is a Cohen’s d calculated? Interpret d=.90. What does it mean in this example? 3.What if the researcher compared the adolescent boys before treatment and again after treating them for depression? What type of t-test would be most appropriate
in this case, and why?
Part II A pharmaceutical company conducts a study to evaluate the relationship between length of time taking drug X and size of tumor. They enlist 2400 patients with the same type of benign tumor who have been on drug X for varying lengths
of time (measured in days). They find that the longer the patient is on the drug, the smaller the patient’s tumor size (measured in volume). In fact, they report the results as r(2398) = -.21, with significance of p < .0001. What is your initial perception
of this information? What are other ways, beyond looking at the p-value alone, you could use to try to interpret what this outcome of r(2398) = -.21 tells us about the relationship between length of time taking drug X and the size of the tumor?