Based on the book by Dr. Sears, the article about the Sasha Fleischman assault, the
research article you locate via SFSU/Google Scholar, as well as other assigned course
readings (including Roughgarden), develop a plausible social-scientific explanation
accounting for violence against sexual and gender minorities. The essay should provide a
plausible explanation explaining the character, extent and reasons why these forms of
violence persist in human populations based on the scientific evidence. The essay should
consider the following kinds of questions:
v What factors seem most important in encouraging and/or legitimating
violence against gender and sexual minorities?
v Based on the evidence, are there historical, psychological, sociological or
ecological factors that trigger and/or perpetuate such violence?
v Why did some societies develop extensive prohibitions and laws against
gender variation and others did not?
v Identify the sociological and psychological characteristics of people who
support and/or enact such violence.
v Have these forms of violence increased or decreased over time in American
culture? Why and what evidence exists that supports your answer?
v Based on your analysis of why these forms of violence persist and the factors
that trigger and/or perpetuate them, are there factors that diminish this kind of
violence? Are there differences between different societies or different social
groups or different social institutions that appear important to diminishing
these forms of violence? What evidence supports your answer?