Explain the first problem (economic, social, political, environmental, complexity, inequity, ethical/moral, etc.) and provide support for your claims.

Assignment 3: Persuasive Paper Part 1: A Problem Exists

Using your thesis statement and research, present the problem that needs to be addressed with your proposed solution. Note: Your solution, advantages, and challenges.

Provide an appropriate title and an interesting opening paragraph to appeal to your stated audience (appeal with logic, ethics, or emotion).
Include a defensible, relevant thesis statement in the first paragraph. (Revised from Assignment 2) please revise the thesis statement
Describe the history and status of the issue and provide an overview of the problem(s) that need to be addressed. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs.
Explain the first problem (economic, social, political, environmental, complexity, inequity, ethical/moral, etc.) and provide support for your claims. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs.
Explain the second problem (economic, social, political, environmental, complexity, inequity, ethical/moral, etc.). and provide support for your claims. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs.
Explain the third problem (economic, social, political, environmental, complexity, inequity, ethical/moral, etc.) and provide support for your claims. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs.
Provide a concluding paragraph that summarizes the stated problems and promises a solution.
Develop a coherently structured paper with an introduction, body, and conclusion.
Use effective transitional words, phrases, and sentences throughout the paper.
Support claims with at least three (3) quality, relevant references. Use credible, academic sources available through Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting guidelines:

This is previous essay below to this problem order # 210079191

​This paper seeks to come up with a research plan or proposal that supports the change of the current laws in all states concerning driving under the influence of alcohol. The topic evaluates the significance of the existing laws, and whether unification of alcohol laws in all states is more important than the current state of affairs. As is well known, every state in the United States of America has a law that regulates driving under the influence of alcohol. However, these laws differ from one state to another in the sanctions or bans imposed on such driving. There is, therefore, no unified set of laws that can be said to constitute national federal laws on drunken driving (Chambliss, 2011). Some states may be quite lenient on the sanctions they impose on such drivers than others could. This non-uniformity may bring about misunderstanding and/or mis-interpretation of such laws, especially if one is driving from state to state. Also, the non-uniformity in these laws leads to the absence of a national system where penalties meted out are uniform and graduated for DUI drivers proportional to the risk these drivers pose. The mere existence of nation-wide general bans on drivers with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08% and above is not yet enough to bring about positive behavioral change. A national framework is needed in order to establish uniform and graduated penalties on all DUI drivers proportional to the risk they pose, in terms of blood alcohol concentration assessment (Chambers, 2012).
​The audience will include people in various arms of the federal and state governments as well as the general public. The various federal and state government officials include: Lawmakers, Federal Government officers, State Government officers, and Law enforcement agencies. This audience is very effective in taking up the proposal and seeing it through its implementation to the ultimate unification of DUI laws (U.S. Department of Education Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools, 2001). Federal and State officers, Lawmakers and Law enforcement agencies are generally considered vital in the adoption and implementation of laws. They are therefore major decision makers. The general public is also effective in advocating for the adoption and implementation of laws since they also affect them directly. However, their decision-making power is quite restricted to only advocacy (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011). The former group is still concerned with review and adoption of more effective laws that curb drunken driving. However, their current review and continuous adoption is still at the state level. This has widely neglected the national scene which is equally important. The latter group is effective when it comes to advocacy programs for the adoption and/or implementation of laws, but not to the extent of amending or creating such laws (Coppolo, G., & Connecticut, 2008). On the general public, there are mixed feelings and opinions on whether there should be a unified set of laws – at the national level dictating the penalties to be meted out to DUI drivers.
​The paper will delve into specific sections of DUI laws that exist in various states in the US. Further, statistics relating to DUI drivers will be described in details including the penalties that are meted out to them in the various states. Such statistics include, but not limited to, those relating to young drivers. The paper will try to highlight the non-uniformity in the DUI laws to a great extent; non-uniformities which may limit proper control of driving under the influence. Therefore, the paper will comprise four major sections:
• DWI/DUI Laws of US states;
• Intoxicated Driver Statistics;
• Young Drivers and Alcohol; and
• Recommendations that should be considered in establishing a national framework or set of laws on DUI.
The paper will also seek to address several questions that will be vital in carrying out the research. These questions will be answered as the research progresses and finally, recommendations that best suit the situation will be given. These questions include:
a) How effective are the current laws on DUI in various US states? This will seek to get as much information as possible on the feelings of the audience on DUI laws in each state in the US.
b) Do you support the proposal to enact national laws that will govern driving under the influence of alcohol? This question will focus on the support – or otherwise – of the proposal to introduce national laws that are unified. It will also seek to get the ways in which people (the audience) would make sure that there is follow-up to a quicker enactment and adoption in all states.
c) What would you like to see changed in the current DUI laws of the US states? The question seeks to understand the flaws that exist in the current laws on DUI, and especially those that can be clearly seen.
d) Should there be a unification of graduated driver licensing considering that it has played a big role in the reduction of accidents in some states? The aim of the question is to arrive at an informed opinion from the views of the main stakeholders.
e) Considering that young drivers are over-represented in alcohol-related driving accidents, do you think a national legal framework should be in place in every state to address this problem? This seeks to address problems of driving under the influence of alcohol in young drivers.
This research proposal will be conducted in various ways. The methods used will involve primary as well secondary methods of data collection. These will include interviews with major decision-makers in law reforms as well as the general public. There will also be questionnaires that will be administered to all stakeholders in a bid to collect as much information as possible. The research will also extend to cover secondary statistics collected from various federal offices such as the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Education, and the US Census Bureau.

Chambliss, W. J. (2011). Courts, law, and justice. Los Angeles: Sage Reference.
Chambers, M., Liu, M., & Moore, C. (2012). Drunk Driving by the Numbers. Retrieved from Bureau of Labor Statistics website: http://http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/by_the_numbers/drunk_driving/pdf/entire.pdf
Coppolo, G., & Connecticut. (2008). DUI laws in Connecticut and New York. Hartford: Connecticut General Assembly, Office of Legislative Research.
Wilson, M. (2007). Drunk driving. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press.
U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). Young Drivers & Alcohol. (2011) U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 69(8), 23. http://www.census.gov.
U.S. Department of Education Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools. (2001). Guidance for State and Local Implementation of Programs. Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act, 22(1). http://www.ed.gov.

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