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Explain the distinction between an analytic statement and a synthetic statement.

Answer only one of these questions

1. How does Descartes prove that it is impossible for existence not to be part of God’s essence? Explain one possible objection that can be raised against Descartes’s proof. Can Descartes successfully respond to this objection? Explain why or why not.

2. Explain the distinction between an analytic statement and a synthetic statement, as set forth by Immanuel Kant (If you don’t know how to start, try starting with the statement “All bachelors are unmarried.”). How does Kant use this distinction to show that Descartes is mistaken in his proof of God’s existence?

3. Explain the First Cause Argument, as set forth by St. Thomas Aquinas in the second way of his cosmological argument. Explain the role that the idea that nothing comes from nothing plays in this argument. Why might this idea also cause problems for the argument itself (Hint: Can God come from nothing?)?

4. Explain what the problem of evil is. The believer in God might try to solve this problem by replying that evil in the world exists as a test of the believer’s faith. If he chooses good in the face of evil, he goes to Heaven. Otherwise, he goes to Hawaii Hell.

But this reply might not satisfy the unbeliever. Explain why the unbeliever might find this reply to be unsatisfactory.

Please help me to get A because it’s 30% of the total grade.


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