Explain the difference between saprolite and regolith?

Assessment 8 Questions
(Sedimentary Rocks)

1. What is the difference between saprolite and regolith?
2. What is the most abundant sedimentary rock?
3. What is a Monadnock and what type of weathering formed it?
4. What is lithification?
5. What is the difference between Sinter and Travertine?
6. What is the difference between a Butte and a Mesa?
7. What type of weathering causes Mars to be called the “Red Planet”?
8. What type of weathering forms caves?
9. What is the Archaeopteryx?
10. What is the difference between stalactites and stalagmites?

11. What is the importance of sedimentary rocks?
12. What is the smallest size sediment?
13. What is the difference between chemical and mechanical weathering?
14. List three uses of sedimentary rocks.

1) ________________________________________________________________________

2) ________________________________________________________________________

3) ________________________________________________________________________

15. Explain how sedimentary rocks can be used to interpret the past.
16. Explain the formation of turbidites.
17. While on a field trip with your geology class, you stop at an outcrop of sandstone. An examination with a hand lens shows that the sandstone is poorly sorted and rich in feldspar and quartz. Your instructor tells you that the sediment was derived from one of two sites in the area:

Site #1: A nearby exposure of weathered basaltic lava flows.

Site # 2: An outcrop of granite at the previous field trip stop up the road.

Select the most likely site and explain your choice. What name is given to this type of sandstone?

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