Using the question(s) from MODULE 2, draw upon the postings, the outside readings, the videos and any other relevant material to write a well thought-out 2 page paper summary. Cite your sources.
?Research on conformity, such as Milgram’s studies of obedience and Zimbardo’s prison simulation, indicates that under certain conditions people who are otherwise moral and decent are capable of acting with considerable cruelty toward others. What issues do these findings raise regarding the problem of holding individuals responsible for their actions? Given the power of situations in influencing behavior, can you think of ways to use this knowledge to reduce the likelihood of conformity-based acts of cruelty and inhumanity? Though many have questioned the ethics of Milgram’ s study, it was found that when people were told that only a small percentage obeyed the experimenter’s orders they rated the procedure as less harmful than those who were told that a high proportion obeyed.What do you make of these findings? Isn’t this but another example of the situation influencing behavior (in this case, ratings)? Should psychologists restrict themselves to experiments that reveal flattering information about human nature and behavior?