Throughout history we see different states and political figures use earlier history (both recent and remote) in order to talk about the present, and use the past to shape the contemporary political and civic dialogue. Discuss three instances from a variety of nations and cultures (that we have encountered since the midterm) where you see past history being used actively to shape contemporary political discourse and action. What is the contemporary situation in which the past is invoked? Is the past portrayed in a positive or a negative light? How are these values made apparent? What is being argued by those invoking the past? Are their arguments successful? Explain.
Please double space your work, use 11 or 12 point font, and regular margins.
Your document MUST be a .doc or .docx. If you use Open Office or some other software, save your file as a .doc or .docx
Make sure your name is at the top of every page of the document (make a header).
Submit all three of your essays in one document.
The submission window will mark essays submitted after 5:00pm as late. Give yourself a bit of a cushion in case you have technical difficulties at the last minute.
When you are ready to submit your exam, go to our UBLearns page and click on “Assignments.” You will see the “Final” assignment, and you should click “View/Complete” hyperlink. From here follow the instructions on the page to upload your exam document. No resubmissions are allowed. Do not submit your exam until you are sure that you are finished.
Links to all Primary Sources (original written documents, not videos) eligible for the exam are hyperlinked on your syllabus. Please only use Primary Sources assigned on the syllabus from the first half of this semester.
We are interested in your original ideas and opinions. This is not a research assignment. Demonstrate that you have done all the reading, actively listened to lectures, and thought about the questions you answer.
Don’t focus too heavily on one civilization. A set of essays that revolve around one civilization will receive a lower grade than a set of essays that demonstrate broad knowledge of course material. A set of essays that incorporates material from a variety of sources (primary sources, textbook, lecture, and recitation) will receive a higher grade than one that draws exclusively from one source. It is especially important for this final exam that your essays incorporate a variety of examples – please do not use the same material for multiple essays.
Do not plagiarize or attempt to cheat. We are using the SafeAssign tool, which recognizes material copied and pasted from anywhere online, and compares your exam to every other exam your classmates submit.
Working principle #1: the better you integrate material from lectures and recitations with material from the textbook and primary sources, the better your essay’s grade. (If you cannot convince us in the course of each essay that you have read the assigned material, listened to/watched lectures, and engaged in recitation, you will receive no better than a C grade.)
Working principle #2: The better you back up your statements of analysis and opinion with clear references to material evidence and recognized fact, the better your essay’s grade.
Working principle #3: Grammar and writing are part of the package in the course as a whole and in the exams. The cleaner and clearer the writing, the better your grade.
Working principle #4: The less fluff, the better. (Examples of “fluff” are lengthy introductions, repetitive conclusions, extra material to add length, irrelevant material that does not support your argument, etc.) Please be concise and to the point.