For your third essay I want you to take an informed and argumentative position involving a different topic or idea different from your previous paper. The topic or idea you select must be one that provokes opposing points of view and must be at the level of an academic argument. You should attempt to reveal what is significant about the topic/idea you choose that gives it credibility; that is, what is or was significant about your topic/idea and, if applicable, what are important consequences or possible future outcomes of the idea? Your topic/idea could involve issues covered in our readings. 1. Determine that you have an idea/topic that lends itself to an argumentative approach, i.e., an idea over which people hold differing views. Research various viewpoints and determine your stand on the idea/topic. Avoid ideas that leave you feeling neutral or ambivalent. Develop an effective thesis that describes the idea and asserts your position. Briefly (no more than 200 words) summarize the idea and then argue your position. Support your argument with evidence (facts, quotations, and statistics) that lend weight to your position You must include counter arguments. You must include counter arguments (concessions and refutations). Making certain concessions to opposing positions demonstrate you are a person of good character with a moral sense of fair play. Closely examine the primary arguments on both sides of the idea for elements of ethos, pathos, and logos. Engage the topic or idea in a critical manner by assessing opposing writers’ claims, evidence, assumptions, language and tone, reasonableness, appeals, and fallacies. Can you locate these elements? What are they? What are their effects? Do they weaken or strengthen opposing writers’ positions? More importantly, please be creative and unique in your analysis and evaluation; in other words, do not state the obvious or write a report. Remember to also develop unified and cohesive paragraphs that utilize factual, historical and/or personal examples to illustrate and explain your points. Also, use transition words to facilitate the flow of ideas. In your conclusion, you may also choose to utilize rational, emotional or ethical appeals. Finally, remember to use highly effective and purposeful sentences that demonstrate a diverse variety of thoughts (i.e., simple, compound, complex and compound/complex sentences—see Ch. 24(a-d)—LBB) Additional guidelines: It must be at least six pages long. Six full pages—not including the works cited page—is the minimum length (1,800 words) It must contain counter arguments, including concessions and refutations. It must contain a works cited page if you cite outside sources It must contain a minimum of one hard-copy source (real books, magazines, journals, etc.) Quotations, paraphrases, or summaries of outside sources require parenthetical cites. A maximum of 30% of sources used can be from Internet sources. Database sources are exempt from this guideline. Do not use encyclopedias or Wikipedia.com as sources The paper must discuss secular topics only. In addition to submitting a hard copy in class the day it is due, you must submit it to turnitin.com to receive a grade. Create an original title Have approximately 300 words per page Double spaced throughout Font = 12 point, Times New Roman font, printed in black ink Have standard margin settings Have your last name and page number in the upper right corner of each page Refer to LBB Ch. 56 or Appendix B from Practical Argument for MLA formatting guidelines Ensure that you make backup copies of this paper on at least one removable storage device.