a. Describe the federal legislative process in which a law is enacted involving the U.S. House, Senate, and President.
b. Discuss how the United States Code (USC) differs from the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Provide a website for the USC and a website for the CFR.
c. Explain the differences between case law and statutory law.
d. Discuss how criminal law differs from civil law.
e. The Exxon Valdez criminal case is discussed on page 15. Do some additional research to explain the case. Do you think it was reasonable for the courts to forgive ExxonMobil $125,000,000 “in recognition of its cooperation in cleaning up the spill and paying certain private claims”?
f. Describe federalism and its mandate that, when disagreements occur, federal laws trump state laws. Give an example of a federal law voiding a state law. Why do environmental laws tend to be federal?
g. Describe the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and its search warrant requirements relative to industries that pollute.
h. Explain the Takings Clause of the U.S. Constitution’s Fifth Amendment.
You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Write an essay consisting of at least 500 words addressing all of the following topics (a through d):
a. Explain the differences between a petit jury and grand jury.
b. Select a lawsuit of your choice or one listed in the textbook in the “standing” section. Describe the case, the ruling, and how it affected the issue of standing.
c. In our textbook on pages 60, 75, and 76, the possibility of animals having standing is presented. Discuss the authors’ position on whether animals should have standing, and present your opinion.
d. Describe the various courts where an environmental lawsuit could occur and under which conditions each court would have jurisdiction.
You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations