A brief description of residential schools in Canada. Sub topics on 1)The impact on parents of children removed. Loss of parental role, self-perception, Identity, and Adult attachment. 2) The impact on the children removed. Disrupted attachment, severe neglect, physical/sexual and mental abuse, identity, and PTSD. 3) The consequences complex trauma. Dysregulation, dissociation and addiction as a way of coping. 4) Culture as Treatment. Going back to the traditional ways of healing individually and collectively.