Cross Sectional Management Plan

Cross Sectional Management Plan
Country selected: South Africa
Executive Summary
South Africa is a democratic state that is located on the southern tip of Africa and it’s bordered by two oceans. South Africa, often called the “rainbow country”, is a haven of people of different races co-existing together. The capital city is called Pretoria. With the highest population comprising of the black African natives, the other are races of European, Asian and Indian origin. The population density is 32.9 people km 2 .The country has eleven official languages that are recognized by the constitution. Even though the International image of South Africa had been tarnished by apartheid, which was fought at enthusiastically by anti-apartheid activists led by icon Nelson Mandela, it has risen to be the most developed country in African, the mediator of warring parties during conflicts and the first African state to successfully build a nuclear-weapon program.
Infrastructure
Technology:
South Africa is the technological giant in Africa. The country has the most developed nuclear technology in Africa and compared to other non-African states. The country has weapons of mass destruction comprising f chemical, nuclear and biological weapons. The country has made significant developments into scientific and technological developments in the world. Some of the most celebrated developments that threw the state in global limelight were the human-human heart transplantation and the development of a vaccine against Yellow Fever. The country has also made great developments toward astronomical exploration such as housing the largest optical telescope in the southern hemisphere. Unlike any other African state, the country designs and manufactures its military equipment and ships.
Transportation: the largest transportation networks in South Africa are rail and air, but nevertheless, the roads are modern and world class (Victor, 2002). The ports are also highly developed and they offer a stopover to shipping liners and tankers from places such as Asia, Europe and America. The ports also provide traffic centers for the traffic voyaging across the various continents. The South African rail system which links the sub-Saharan area is remarkably the 14th extensive world wide and some portions of the rail are electrified.
The airports and the airline system in South Africa is well developed with efficient more than twenty air traffic control towers , give assist in operational services to almost 150 authorized airports and almost 600 aircraft. Some of the major airports are: King Shaka airport, Tambo international Airport and Cape Town International Airport. The South African air transport is the largest air transport in the continent and it has got airline links to over twenty African cities.
Communication: the state has an exceptional telecommunications network and an assortment of media services. The country enjoys the latest forms f communication such as wireless, line-fixed and satellite communications which accounts for 99%. Recently, the communication sector has advanced greatly with the country having four communication operators namely MTN, Vodacom, Cell C and Virgin Mobile. The possession of electrical appliances such as television, computer and mobile phones has increased tremendously from according to a study carried out in 2007. The country passed the Electronic Communications Act in 2005 to scrub off policies that prevented the growth of various sectors and business. Internet usage in South Africa amounts to more than a quarter of the continent’s total with internet users totaling to more than twelve million.
Foreign personnel in South Africa: the U.S assists South Africa in various ways such as in the form of financial aid or in military training. Many neighboring and foreign countries have embassies in South Africa. However, America was the first foreign country to establish an embassy in 1799. And it has got an embassy located in Pretoria.
Brazil has strong ties with South Africa as it has for a long time given warfare training and logistics to the country. Indians played a vital part in the fight against apartheid regime and also the Indian government. Canada has financially aided South Africa tremendously, offering over $ 200 million) so as to help it fight AIDS. The country also helped in the making of the constitution of the nation and by strengthening the governmental services. Iran played a key role in the fight against apartheid by severing the official relations with the apartheid government. Malawi has also South African ties through joint security cooperation.
Energy: the population of the country enjoys one of the most costs of electricity in the world. The country gets 95% of its electricity supply from Eskom generators. The country is blessed with natural deposits of oil (Africa, 1978). The country has the biggest commercial gas-to-liquids plant. Nuclear energy contributes 1,800 MW to the national grid. South Africa has an electrical network with power lines covering an extensive area of 300,000 kilometers.
Raw materials: the vast deposits of raw materials are found in South Africa. Some of these raw materials are: vanadium, chromium and manganese (Herbert, 1971). Among the world’s most valuable minerals such as gold, platinum and diamonds are also found in huge deposits in South Africa. More than 40% of the gold deposits are found in the Witwatersrand area of South Africa. There are also other huge deposits of raw materials such as nickel, titanium, antimony, copper, fluorspar, zinc, and lead among others. The country produces around 30,000 tones of vanadium which amounts to more than 45% of the world supply. South Africa’s iron core reserves are the largest in the continent.
Sociological forces
Language: there are many languages in South Africa but it’s only eleven of them that are recognized by the constitution namely: Ndebele, Sotho, Northern Sotho, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, English, Afrikaans, Xhosa and Zulu. There are many other minor languages based on indigenous creoles, pidgins and dialects.
Culture: globally, the country has among the highest multicultural practices. Most of them are indigenous while others are as a result of colonialism. South Africans of Indian origin practice their cultures, speak their language and still hold their religious beliefs. The natives have got their cultures, customs in marriages and taboos such as using cattle for dowry payments as social status (Dean, 2003). The traditional Africans view tribe as the important community as it’s the source of financial and emotional security. The Afrikaans and the colored regard their extended and nuclear families and the English population view the extended family as the most important.
Education: the formal schools start grade R and then from grade one to twelve. There was a Southern African Schools Act passed in 1996 that required all South Africans over seven years to attend schools to the age of fifteen.
SWOT analysis
Strengths: The weather is perfect and it is favorable for year round travelling. Convenient accesses as there are over fifty-five airlines with connections from the five continents. There are world class accommodations that features resorts and game lodges (Group, 2010). The country has a multinational culture and therefore visitors can blend in.
Opportunities: the country offers conference and congress facilities that have high-tech centers. There are imaginative encouragements that range from large movements to small organizations (Marc, 1995). Most of the businesses done are carried out in the bush (businesses unusual).
Weaknesses: if travelling, one has to endure long flight hours. In the note of security concern, some parts of the country can be not only insecure but also dangerous when not accompanied by a guide.
Threats: insecurity in the country is so sorry that HIV patients are robbed have got to endure that they could be robbed their ARVs. There are rampant HIV infections. Foreign investors and traders have got to endure intimidations and some from neighboring countries killed in cold blood.
Goals and objectives
Among the goals are: poverty reduction and promotion of health, reduction of air population, developing sustainable economy, promoting basic and higher education in the education sector.
Strategies and tactics:
Assisted by the U.S through aids such as USAID the South African government focuses on increasing the level of education, promoting peace between the locals and the foreigners to avoid phobic attacks, the growth of economy and reduction of the prevalence of AIDS.
Controls and evaluations
In conjunction with the U.S through USAID, the country is administering ARVs treatments to the HIV-positive people. There -have been treatments to almost 100,000 people with TB. The government is also providing care services to the orphans of HIV and children affected with AIDS. Assisted by USAID, the government is combating rampant rape cases through legal, medical, psychosocial and security assistance.

References
Africa, S. A. (1978). South Africa: official yearbook of the Republic of South Africa: New York.International Monetary Fund.
Dean, T. (2003). Cross-Cultural management: foundations and future. Burlington: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.
Group, B. (2010). Transport Infrastructure in South Afric: Airports in South Africa, Bridges in South Africa, Lighthouses in South Africa: Tennessee . General Books LLC.
Heribert, A. (1971). South Africa: sociological perspectives. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
Marc, A. (1995). Building a New South Africa: Science and technology policy. Ottawa: IDRC.
Victor, W. (2002). Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development:London.John Bejamin Publishing Company.

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