After reading chapters 2, 3, and 4 of the textbook, Philosophy the Power of Ideas, answer the following questions. Each answer should be at a minimum 1 paragraph, while others may be several paragraphs in length. The grade of A (175 points) will only be assigned to exemplary submissions which demonstrate extensive thought and effort in completion of the assignment.
Please note: there are only two sources for you answers: The textbook and your mind! Any information taken from other sources is unacceptable. Plagiarism of the thoughts or ideas of others be it from books or the internet will result in a zero on the assignment and your final course grade being dropped by a full letter grade.
1-Explain ( the main ideas and views) and evaluate (by giving arguments) the view of Heraclitus regarding the nature of reality?
2-Explain and evaluate the view of Empedocles?
3-Explain and evaluate the view of Anaximander?
4-Explain, evaluate and compare (by stating how they are similar or different) the views of Parmenides and Heraclitus.
5-Explain and evaluate the views of Protagoras.
6-Explain and evaluate the views of Pythagoras.
7-Explain and evaluate the views of Anaxagoras.
8-Explain, in your opinion, which, if any, of the early Greeks had a reasonable conception of the nature of reality.
9-Explain and evalutate Plato’s criticism of the views of Protagoras as others that argue that knowledge is relative.
10-Explain and evaluate how Plato claims people can know the Forms.
11-Explain and evaluate Aristotle’s notion of the 4 causes.
12-Explain and evaluate Aristotle’s 10 categories.
13-Explain and evaluate Aristotle’s third man argument and theory of forms.
14-Compare and Contrast Plato’s view of Forms with Aristotle’s view of forms.
15-Aristotle says “Everything which comes into being is brought about by something [else]” if that were the case, would existence not be a paradox as Gorgias points out? Explain.